Đề án A study on the translation of accounting terms from English into Vietnamese

Accounting is very important to our modern society. Accounting is a vital element of business. It records and classifies the financial activities of a business. None of the business organization can operate without it. Thus, knowing basic accounting terms can help you reach your potential in any industry. With “open” policies for all countries in the world and the integration process of the globalization, there are more and more foreign investors in Vietnam. This creates chances for economic development. Therefore, teaching and learning English is quite essential, especially in business field. However, teaching and learning accounting terms to apply in business is not easy for everyone. Students must be requested to acquire a certain level of English in this field. Thus, the development of the accounting study is an urgent need.

pdf61 trang | Chia sẻ: thuychi21 | Ngày: 04/12/2015 | Lượt xem: 1584 | Lượt tải: 11download
Bạn đang xem trước 20 trang tài liệu Đề án A study on the translation of accounting terms from English into Vietnamese, để xem tài liệu hoàn chỉnh bạn click vào nút DOWNLOAD ở trên
BỘ GIÁO DỤC VÀ ĐÀO TẠO TRƯỜNG ĐẠI HỌC DÂN LẬP HẢI PHÒNG ------------------------------- ISO 9001 : 2008 KHÓA LUẬN TỐT NGHIỆP NGÀNH: NGOẠI NGỮ HẢI PHÒNG - 2010 HAIPHONG PRIVATE UNIVESITY FOREIGN LANGUAGES DEPARTMENT ----------------------------------- GRADUATION PAPER A STUDY ON THE TRANSLATION OF ACCOUNTING TERMS FROM ENGLISH INTO VIETNAMESE By: Trịnh Thị Lệ Quyên Class: Na1001 Supervisor: Hoang Thi Bay, M.A HAI PHONG - 2010 BỘ GIÁO DỤC VÀ ĐÀO TẠO TRƯỜNG ĐẠI HỌC DÂN LẬP HẢI PHÒNG -------------------------------------- Nhiệm vụ đề tài tốt nghiệp Sinh viên: ............................................................Mã số:............................ Lớp: .............................Ngành:.................................................................... Tên đề tài: ................................................................................................. .................................................................................................. ................................................................................................. Nhiệm vụ đề tài 1. Nội dung và các yêu cầu cần giải quyết trong nhiệm vụ đề tài tốt nghiệp ( về lý luận, thực tiễn, các số liệu cần tính toán và các bản vẽ). .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 2. Các số liệu cần thiết để thiết kế, tính toán. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3. Địa điểm thực tập tốt nghiệp. .. .. . CÁN BỘ HƯỚNG DẪN ĐỀ TÀI Người hướng dẫn thứ nhất: Họ và tên:............................................................................................. Học hàm, học vị:................................................................................... Cơ quan công tác:................................................................................. Nội dung hướng dẫn:............................................................................ Người hướng dẫn thứ hai: Họ và tên:............................................................................................. Học hàm, học vị:................................................................................... Cơ quan công tác:................................................................................. Nội dung hướng dẫn:............................................................................ Đề tài tốt nghiệp được giao ngày 12 tháng 04 năm 2010 Yêu cầu phải hoàn thành xong trước ngày 10 tháng 07 năm 2010 Đã nhận nhiệm vụ ĐTTN Đã giao nhiệm vụ ĐTTN Sinh viên Người hướng dẫn Hải Phòng, ngày tháng năm 2010 HIỆU TRƯỞNG GS.TS.NGƯT Trần Hữu Nghị PHẦN NHẬN XÉT TÓM TẮT CỦA CÁN BỘ HƯỚNG DẪN 1. Tinh thần thái độ của sinh viên trong quá trình làm đề tài tốt nghiệp: .. .. .. .. .. .. 2. Đánh giá chất lượng của khóa luận (so với nội dung yêu cầu đã đề ra trong nhiệm vụ Đ.T. T.N trên các mặt lý luận, thực tiễn, tính toán số liệu): .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3. Cho điểm của cán bộ hướng dẫn (ghi bằng cả số và chữ): .. .. .. Hải Phòng, ngày .. tháng .. năm 2010 Cán bộ hướng dẫn (họ tên và chữ ký) NHẬN XÉT ĐÁNH GIÁ CỦA NGƯỜI CHẤM PHẢN BIỆN ĐỀ TÀI TỐT NGHIỆP 1. Đánh giá chất lượng đề tài tốt nghiệp về các mặt thu thập và phân tích tài liệu, số liệu ban đầu, giá trị lí luận và thực tiễn của đề tài. 2. Cho điểm của người chấm phản biện : (Điểm ghi bằng số và chữ) Ngày.......... tháng......... năm 2010 Người chấm phản biện ACKNOWLEAGEMENTS In the process of completing this Graduation Paper, I have received a great deal of help, guidance and encouragement from my teachers and friends. I would first and foremost like to express my thanks to my supervisor, Ms Hoang Thi Bay, M.A for helping me through this challenging process. I would also like to express my special thanks to other teachers of Foreign Languages Department for their supportive lectures during four years that have provided me with good background to do effectively my Graduation Paper. Finally, I would like to thank my family, my friends who have offered continuous support, encouraged, and helped me to complete this paper. Hai Phong, June 2010 TABLE OF CONTENTS ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS PART I: INTRODUCTION 1. Rationale...1 2. Aim of the study ...1 3. Scope of the study.2 4. Method of the study...........2 5. Design of the study3 PART II: DEVELOPMENT Chapter 1: Theoretical background I. Translation theory I.1. Definitions...........4 I.2. Translation methods...5 I.3. Equivalence in translation..........8 II. Translation of ESP II.1. Definition of ESP10 II.2. Types of ESP.......12 III. Terminology III.1. Definition of term..14 III.2. Characteristics of term..14 III.2.1. Accurateness15 III.2.2. Systematism.15 III.2.3. Internationalism...16 III.2.4. Nationalism..16 III.2.5. Popularity16 III.3. Creation of terminology.17 III.4. The distinction between terms and words..18 Chapter 2: An investigation on accounting terms and their Vietnamese equivalent I. The popular construction of accounting terms19 I.1. Single terms...19 I.2. Compound terms..21 II. Acronyms in accounting terms..25 Chapter 3: Strategies and procedures applied in the translation of accounting terms into Vietnamese I. Shift or transposition translation27 II. Translation by using a loan word plus explanation..29 III. Translation by omission..31 IV. Literal translation32 V. Translation by paraphrase using unrelated word..33 VI. Translation by paraphrase using related word.34 Chapter 4: Implication of the study I. Difficulties in the translation of accounting terms..36 II. Suggestion to deal with difficulties in translation of accounting terms.37 PART III Conclusion 1. Strength and weakness of the thesis38 2. Suggestion for the further research and final comments39 REFERENCE40 APPENDIX41 1 PART I: INTRODUCTION 1. Rationale Accounting is very important to our modern society. Accounting is a vital element of business. It records and classifies the financial activities of a business. None of the business organization can operate without it. Thus, knowing basic accounting terms can help you reach your potential in any industry. With “open” policies for all countries in the world and the integration process of the globalization, there are more and more foreign investors in Vietnam. This creates chances for economic development. Therefore, teaching and learning English is quite essential, especially in business field. However, teaching and learning accounting terms to apply in business is not easy for everyone. Students must be requested to acquire a certain level of English in this field. Thus, the development of the accounting study is an urgent need. A number of Vietnamese learners get trouble in translating accounting terms. I myself often become confused with accounting terms whenever I deal with them. Hence, it is very necessary for me to acquire certain accumulation of linguistic and cultural knowledge in both native language and foreign languages. Moreover, I am also interested in translation skills, especially in translation of accounting terms. That is the main reason inspiring me to carry out this research. More importantly, studying this theme offers me a chance to have thorough understanding about technical translations. 2. Aim of the study 2 The study on translation of basic Accounting terms aims to figure out an overview on translation strategies and procedures commonly employed in translation of basic accounting terms. In details, my Graduation Paper aims at: Collecting and presenting basic English terms in accounting. Providing their Vietnamese equivalents or expressions. Preliminarily analyzing translation strategies and procedures employed in the translation of these English terms into Vietnamese. Providing students majoring in the subject and those who may concern a draft and short reference of basic English terms in accounting and their corresponding Vietnamese. I hope that this study can provide readers with overall comprehension about the information from written text and from visual forms of presentation relates to accounting terms, help them translate it effectively. 3. Scope of the study The terms used in accounting field would require a great amount of effort and time to study. However, due to limitation of time and my knowledge, my study could not cover all the aspect of this theme. I only focus the study on translation and translation strategies in general, and contrastive analysis between specific basic Accounting terms in English and in Vietname 4. Method of the study 3 This Graduation paper is carried out with view to help learners enlarge their vocabulary and have general understanding about translation and translation of financial and accounting terms. All of English and Vietnamese terms in my graduation paper are collected from: Internet, the dictionary of Accounting terms and reference book. These data are divided into groups based on their common character, and then I carry out my research on procedures used to translate them into Vietnamese. 5. Design of the study My graduation paper is divided into three parts, in which the second, naturally, is the most important part Part I is the INTRODUCTION in which rationale, aim of the study, scope of the study, method of the study, design of the study are presented Part II is the DEVELOPMENT that includes 3 chapters: Chapter I is an overview of theoretical background which includes the definition, methods, procedures of translation in general and ESP translation, and definition of term. Chapter II deals with an investigation on Accounting terms and their Vietnamese equivalents including popular construction of Accounting terms. Chapter III focuses on strategies and procedures applied in the translation of accounting terms into Vietnamese. Chapter IV deals with an implication of the study. 4 Part III is the CONCLUSION which includes strength and weakness of the thesis, suggestions for further studies. PART II: DEVELOPMENT CHAPTER ONE: THEORETICAL BACKGROUND I. TRANSLATION THEORY I.1 Definitions Translation has existed in every corner of our life. It is considered as an indispensable part in the field of not only literature, culture and religion but also commercial advertisement, popular entertainment, public administration, immigration and education. There are so many concepts of translation, which are developed by lot of famous linguistics of translation. The following are some typical definitions that are basic theoretical background for this study. “Translation is the replacement of the textual material in one language (SL) by equivalent textual material in another language (TL)” (Catford, 1965) “Translation consist of in reproducing in the target language (TL),the closet natural equivalent of the source language (SL) message, firstly in terms of meaning and secondly in terms of styles”(Nida an Taber in 1974) “Translation is made possible by an equivalent of thought that lies behind its different verbal expressions (Savory, 1968) “Translation is rendering the meaning of a text into another language in the way that author intended the text.”(Newmark-1988) 5 “Translation is the interpreting of the meaning of a text and the subsequent production of an equivalent text, likewise called a translation that communicates the same message in another language. The text to be translated is called the source text, and the language that it is to be translated into is called the target language; the final product is sometimes called the target text.” (Wikipedia) “Translation can be generally defined as the action of interpretation of the meaning of a text, and production of an equivalent text that communicates the same message in another language.” (WikiAnswers) Although these definitions are different in expression, they share common features that they all emphasize the importance finding the closet equivalence in meaning by the choice of appropriate target language‟s lexical and grammatical structures. Some sorts of movement from one language to another also insist on the different methods of translation which will be taken into consideration in the next part. I.2 Translation methods There are various methods by which the text may be translated. The central problem of translating is whether to translate literally or freely. It all depends on some factors such as the purpose of the translation, the nature of readership and the text types. As stated by Peter Newmark (1988:45) there are eight methods of translation, namely word-for-word translation, literal translation, faithful translation, semantic translation, adaptation, free translation, idiomatic translation and 6 communicative translation. And basing on the degree of emphasis on the SL and TL, he puts it in a flattened diagram as below. SL Emphasis Word-for-word translation Literal translation Faithful translation Semantic translation TL Emphasis Adaptation Free translation Idiomatic translation Communicative translation (*) The methods closest to the source language: Word-for-word Translation: in which the SL word order is preserved and the words translated singly by their most common meanings. Cultural words are translated literally. The main use of this method is either to understand the mechanics of the source language or to construe a difficult text as pre-translation process Literal Translation: This is a broader form of translation, each SL word has a corresponding TL word, but their primary meaning may differ. The SL grammatical forms are converted to their nearest target language equivalents. However, the lexical words are again translated out of context. Literal translation is considered the basic translation step, both in communication and semantic translation, in that translation starts from there. As pre-translation process, it indicates problems to be solved. Faithful Translation: This method tries to reproduce the precise contextual meaning of the original within the constraint of the TL 7 grammatical structures. It transfers cultural words and preserves the degree of grammatical and lexical deviation from SL norms. It attempts to be completely faithful to the intentions and the text- realization of the SL writer Semantic Translation: It differs from faithful translation only in as far as it must take more account of the aesthetic value of the SL text, compromising on meaning where appropriate so that no assonance, word play, or repetition jars in the finished version. (*) The methods closest to the target language: Adaptation: This method is the freest form of translation. It is frequently used for plays (comedies) and poetry: themes, characters, plots preserved, SL culture converted to TL culture and text is rewritten. Dung Vu (2004) points out that: “Adaptation has a property of lending the ideas of the original to creative a new text used by a new language mare than to be faithful to the original. The creation in adaptation is completely objective in content as well as form”. Free Translation: Free translation is the translation which is not close to the original, but the translation just transmits meanings of the SL in her/his own words. It reproduces the matter without the manner, or the content without the form of the original. Usually it is a paraphrase much longer than the original. Therefore, the advantage is that the text in TL sounds more natural. On the contrary, the disadvantage is that translating is too casual to understand the original because of its freedom 8 Idiomatic Translation: Idiomatic translation is used for colloquialism and idioms whose literalism is the translation, by which the translator does not transfer the literalism of the original, uses the translation of colloquialisms and idioms. Communicative translation: This method attempts to render the exact contextual meaning of the original in such a way that both content and language are readily acceptable and comprehensible to the readership. “But even here the translator still has to respect and work on the form of the source language text as the only material basic for his work” (Peter Newmark, 1982:39) I.3 Equivalence in translation The dictionary defines equivalence as being the same, similar or interchangeable with something else. In translation terms, equivalence is a term used to refer to the nature and extent of the relationships between SL and TL texts or smaller linguistic units. The problem of equivalence is one of the most important issues in the field of translating. It is a question of finding suitable counterparts in target language for expressions in the Source language. The comparison of texts in different languages inevitably involves a theory of equivalence. According to Vanessa Leonardo “Equivalence can be said to be the central issue in translation although its definition, relevance, and applicability within the field of translation theory have caused heated 9 controversy, and many different theories of the concept of equivalence have been elaborated within this field in the past fifty years.” Here are some elaborate approaches to translation equivalence: Translation equivalence is the similarity between a word (or expression) in one language and its translation in another. This similarity results from overlapping ranges of reference. Translation equivalence is a corresponding word or expression in another language. Nida argued that there are two different types of equivalence, namely formal equivalence - which in the second edition by Nida and Taber (1982) is referred to as formal correspondence - and dynamic equivalence. Formal correspondence “focuses attention on the message itself, in both form and content”, unlike dynamic equivalence which is based upon 'the principle of equivalent effect' (1964:159). In the second edition (1982) or their work, the two theorists provide a more detailed explanation of each type of equivalence. Formal correspondence consists of a TL item which represents the closest equivalent of a SL word or phrase. Nida and Taber make it clear that there are not always formal equivalents between language pairs. They therefore suggest that these formal equivalents should be used wherever possible if the translation aims at achieving formal rather than dynamic equivalence. The use of formal equivalents might at times have serious implications in the TT since the translation will not be easily understood by the target audience (Fawcett, 1997). Nida and Taber themselves assert that 'Typically, formal correspondence 10 distorts the grammatical and stylistic patterns of the receptor language, and hence distorts the message, so as to cause the receptor to misunderstand or to labor unduly hard' (ibid: 201). Dynamic equivalence is defined as a translation principle according to which a translator seeks to translate the meaning of the original in such a way that the TL wording will trigger the same impact on the TC audience as the original wording did upon the ST audience. They argue that 'Frequently, the form of the original text is changed; but as long as the change follows the rules of back transformation in the source language, of contextual consistency in the transfer, and of transformation in the receptor language, the message is preserved and the translation is faithful' (Nida and Taber, 1982:200). Newmark (1988) defined that: “The overriding purpose of any trans
Luận văn liên quan