Luận án Central highlands provincial party committees leading public stimulation in the current period

1.The necessity of the thesis Marxism-Leninism and Ho Chi Minh’s beliefs affirm that: Revolution is the cause of the people, all for the benefit of the people. The people are the creators of material goods and cultural and spiritual values, the decisive factor for the existence and social development. The people are the basic force of every social revolution. Evaluation of the position, role and strength of the people, from ancient times, our ancestors concluded: "the people as the root"; propelling the boat is by the people and flipping the boat is also by the people; boat flipped shows that people are like water. To promote the great power of the people, the feudal dynasties in Vietnam also used many means: "Drilling the people's strength to find firm, rooting strategies"; That is the top policy to hold the country together. Recognizing the position, role and strength of the people in history, our Party and President Ho Chi Minh always attach importance to and take care of public stimulation work, having made many revolutionary movements among the people to bring the Vietnamese revolution from one victory to another. Nowadays, the process of comprehensive reform, accelerating industrialization and modernization, building of a socialist rule-of-law state of the people, by the people and for the people, developing socialist-oriented market economy, international integration . are gaining important achievements; but there are also many new issues that affect the thoughts and feelings of the people. Therefore, reinforcing and renewing the Party leadership on public stimulation activities in the new situation is to firmly strengthen people's confidence in the Party.

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HO CHI MINH NATIONAL ACADEMYOF POLITICAL SCIENCE VU XUAN THUY CENTRAL HIGHLANDS PROVINCIAL PARTY COMMITTEES LEADING PUBLIC STIMULATION IN THE CURRENT PERIOD Field of study: BUILDING THE PARTY AND THE STATE Code: 62 31 02 03 SUMMARY OF PHD THESIS IN POLITICAL SCIENCE HANOI – 2017 Science supervisors : 1. Assoc. Prof., Dr. LE KIM VIET 2. Assoc. Prof., Dr. NGUYEN MINH TUAN 1 THE WORK WAS COMPLETED AT HO CHI MINH NATIONAL ACADEMY OF POLITICAL SCIENCE Science supervisors: 1. Assoc. Prof., Dr. LE KIM VIET 2. Assoc. Prof., Dr. NGUYEN MINH TUAN Counter-argument 1: Counter-argument 2: Counter-argument 3:. The thesis will be defended before the Thesis Committee of Academy level, at Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Political Science Athour, date..month..year 2017 The thesis can be found at The National Library and the Institute of Information Science - Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Political Science 2 LIST OF SCIENTIFIC WORKS RELATED TO THE THESIS 1. Vu Xuan Thuy (2015), " Party committees in Dak Nong appropriately lead today’s public stimulation”, Electronic Journal of Party Building, (10), pg. 1-3. 2. Vu Xuan Thuy (2016), "Improving the effectiveness of public stimulation work by the Party in the current period”, Journal of Living Theory, (2), pg. 6-9. 3. Vu Xuan Thuy (2016), "Some thoughts on the criteria for evaluating the effectiveness of public stimulation according to the spirit the 12th Party Congress Resolution", Journal of public stimulation, (4) pg.17- 19. 4. Vu Xuan Thuy (2016), “Some solutions to improve public stimulation in ethnic minority areas in Dak Lak today”, Journal of Rationale scientific information, (7), pg.94-97. 5. Vu Xuan Thuy (2016), “Party committees in Central Highlands paying attention to building party organizations in villages”, Electronic Journal of Party Building, (8), pg.1-3. 6. Vu Xuan Thuy (2016), “Public stimulation in Central Highlands provincial Party Committees (2010 - 2015) - Some experience”, Journal of the Party’s History, (12), pg.103-106. 7. Vu Xuan Thuy (2017), "Some solutions to enhance the Party's leadership in public stimulation in Central Highlands today", Journal of Living Theory , (2), pg. 57- 61. 3 INTRODUCTION 1.The necessity of the thesis Marxism-Leninism and Ho Chi Minh’s beliefs affirm that: Revolution is the cause of the people, all for the benefit of the people. The people are the creators of material goods and cultural and spiritual values, the decisive factor for the existence and social development. The people are the basic force of every social revolution. Evaluation of the position, role and strength of the people, from ancient times, our ancestors concluded: "the people as the root"; propelling the boat is by the people and flipping the boat is also by the people; boat flipped shows that people are like water. To promote the great power of the people, the feudal dynasties in Vietnam also used many means: "Drilling the people's strength to find firm, rooting strategies"; That is the top policy to hold the country together. Recognizing the position, role and strength of the people in history, our Party and President Ho Chi Minh always attach importance to and take care of public stimulation work, having made many revolutionary movements among the people to bring the Vietnamese revolution from one victory to another. Nowadays, the process of comprehensive reform, accelerating industrialization and modernization, building of a socialist rule-of-law state of the people, by the people and for the people, developing socialist-oriented market economy, international integration ... are gaining important achievements; but there are also many new issues that affect the thoughts and feelings of the people. Therefore, reinforcing and renewing the Party leadership on public stimulation activities in the new situation is to firmly strengthen people's confidence in the Party. Provinces in the Central Highlands, including Gia Lai, Kon Tum, Dak Lak, Dak Nong and Lam Dong, are strategically important areas especially for national defense, security, economy, culture, society and the ecological environment. In the past years, the provinces in the Central Highlands have also been acutely aware of the location and role of public stimulation; actively mobilizing and persuading the people to implement the Party's directions and resolutions as well as the State's policies and laws, stabilizing the people's life, bringing the country's economy to a good growth, building infrastructure for educational development, health care, hunger eradication, poverty reduction, phasing out old customs, etc; ensuring security and defense in the area. However, with the existing potential, advantages and the interests of the Party and State investment, the development of the Central Highlands provinces is not commensurate. The economy is unevenly developed, unsustainable, traditional cultural values are changing rapidly. The status of 4 political security, social order and safety is complicated by hostile forces inside and outside the country taking advantage of ethnicity, religion and temporary difficulties to incite the people and divide the great unity of ethnic groups in the Central Highlands. Meanwhile, some organizations still underestimated public stimulation; The Fatherland Front and people’s organizations have yet fully played the role in the fight to protect legitimate interests of the people. This situation is due to many reasons, first of all is the responsibility of different levels of Central Highlands political system, in which the main, direct role and responsibility from the shortcomings in leadership, direction of public stimulation of provincial Party committees in Central Highlands - as the political nucleus, is the highest local authority. Therefore, provincial Party committees in Central Highlands should be more strengthened and drastic in leading the propaganda, mobilization, persuading and gathering the people; must renovate more strongly the contents and methods of leading public stimulation by the provincial Party committees in the Central Highlands. With the above knowledge, the author selected the topic: "The provincial Party committees in Central Highlands leading the current phase of public stimulation" for the PhD thesis. This is a matter of rationale and practical significance, urgently demanded in Central Highlands in the present time. 2.The purpose and tasks of the thesis 2.1. The thesis’ purpose On the basis of clarifying the rationale and practical issues in public stimulation of the Party and the leadership of the Party committees in the Central Highlands in public stimulation, setting out the direction and main solutions to strengthen the leadership of the provincial committees in Central Highlands for public stimulation until 2025. 2.2. The thesis’ tasks - Overview of status of research related to the thesis’ topic; - Clarifying the framework for public stimulation and the leadership of the Party committees in Central Highlands in advo, setting out the concept, content and mode of leadership in public stimulation; the role and importance of provincial leadership in public stimulation in Central Highlands provinces today; - Studying and evaluating the status of the people in Central Highlands provinces, the reality of advo; the leadership of the Party committees in Central Highlands in public stimulation from 2010 to today; pointing out the causes and drawing experience; 5 - Suggesting directions and major solutions to strengthen the leadership of the Party committees in Central Highlands for public stimulation by 2025. 3. The subject research and scope of the thesis 3.1. The research subject The provincial Party Committees in Central Highlands leading the current public stimulation. 3.2. The research scope The thesis focuses on five provincial Party Committees in Central Highlands: Gia Lai, Kon Tum, Dak Lak, Dak Nong, Lam Dong, leading public stimulation from 2010 to today (however, for comprehensiveness, the thesis also mentions some contents of before 2010); setting the directions and solutions with reference value till 2025. 4. The rationale and practical basis and research methodology of the thesis 4.1. The rationale basis The thesis is based on Marxist-Leninist rationale and Ho Chi Minh's beliefs on the position and role of the people, public stimulation and the Party leadership on public stimulation. 4.2. The practical basis The practical basis of the thesis is the status of public stimulation and the leadership of the Party committees in Central Highlands in public stimulation in Central Highlands from 2010 to today. 4.3. Research methodology The thesis is based on Marxist-Leninist methodology and Ho Chi Minh’s beliefs; at the same time, using inter-sector and specialized methods such as history and logic; analysis and synthesis; surveys, sociological investigation, statistics, reality summarisation, expert interviews, Nvivo (Qualitative) and SPSS (Quantitative) data processing. 5. New scientific contributions of the thesis First is, presenting the concept, role, content and leadership method of the provincial committees for public stimulation in the important and unique area of Central Highlands provinces. Second is, from reality, the thesis drawing some experience in leadership for public stimulation of provincial Party Committees in Central Highlands from 2010 to today. Third is, proposing some major measures to strengthen the leadership of provincial committees for public stimulation in the Central Highlands provinces until 2025. 6. Scientific and practical significance of the thesis 6.1. Scientific significance 6 The research results contribute to enriching the basic issues of leading public stimulation; Central Highlands Party Committees leading public stimulation. 6.2. Practical significance - The thesis provides further scientific foundation to help Party Committees in Central Highlands provinces in leading and directing public stimulation. - The thesis can be used as a reference material for research and teaching of the Party Construction subject at the Political Academy Region III and provincial political schools in Central Highlands. 7. The thesis structure Besides the introduction, conclusion, list of authors’ published related works, reference list and appendix, the thesis consists of 4 chapters, 9 sections. 7 Chapter 1 OVERVIEW OF RESEARCH STUDIES RELATED TO THE THESIS TOPIC 1.1. RESEARCH STUDIES BY AUTHORS OVERSEAS The thesis consulted, studied 10 books, theses, dissertations, seminars and articles published in the political-researched newspapers and journals on political parties leading the people's movement. Typical are the books: Renovation of Party Construction in Rural China by Chu Chi Hoa (Editor - 2010); Good people's advocacy work in the new situation - Chinese experience, Vietnamese experience; PhD thesis of Xom Nuc Xom Vi Chit (2008): Renovating the method of the Party leadership on the State in Lao People's Democratic Republic today; The conference: Persevering people's views is paramount and essentially doing good people's advocacy work in the new situation by Luu Van Son; The Chinese Communist Party's precious experience in doing good people's advocacy work by Ly Trung Kiet; Focus on promoting the role of basic party organizations, consolidating the foundation of public stimulation work of the Party by Truong Duong Thang 1.2. RESEARCH STUDIES BY AUTHORS IN THE COUNTRY The thesis has researched and analyzed 12 books, 4 PhD theses, 15 scientific conferences and articles published in the journals of research groups related to theses topics including: - The works of Vietnamese scholars studying the leadership of ruling political parties, organizing and mobilizing the people through party organization, party members and and social organization. The Party renews its leadership; intensifying the renovation of the organization and operation of the Fatherland Front and the public, ensuring the building of a great solid unity for the entire people. Typical are the books: The Political Party of Singapore by Assoc. Prof. Le Van Dinh (Editor - 2012); Building the ruling Party in the process of developing the socialist-oriented market economy in Vietnam and the commodity economy under the socialist-oriented market mechanism in Laos by Prof. Dr. Le Huu Nghia, Assoc. Prof. Dr. Truong Thi Thong, Prof. Dr. Nguyen Quang Thang - Assoc. Prof. Dr. Nguyen Van Giang (co-editor - 2013)... There are also other related books. - Public stimulation research work, the Communist Party of Vietnam leading public stimulation. Typical are the books: Strengthening the relationship between the Party and the people in the new era by Nguyen The Trung (Editor - 2014); Theories and Experiences of Vietnam Communist Party in public stimulation (2014) of National Politics - Truth Publishing House, Hanoi; Some typical socio-political hotspots in mountainous ethnic areas in 8 recent years - current situation and problems in case management by Prof. Dr. Luu Van Sang (2010); Improving the quality and effectiveness of the Party's people advocacy in the new era by Ha Thi Khiet (Editor - 2015) - Studies on Central Highlands and public stimulation in Central Highlands. Typical are the books: Some issues of building a political system in Central Highlands by Assoc. Prof., Dr. Pham Hao – Assoc. Prof., Dr. Truong Minh Duc (co-editor - 2003); Improving the rationale thinking of district-level leaders of ethnic minority in Central Highlands by Dr. Nguyen Van Ly (editor - 2013); Raising the core force for public stimulation work in Ethnic Minorities in Central Highlands today by Dr. Nguyen The Tu (Editor - 2014)... Scientific topics such as Ethnic Relations in Central Highlands in the renovation period, headed by Assoc. Prof. Dr. Truong Minh Duc; Gia Lai Party Committee led the building of great national unity from 2001 to 2010, led by Dr. Tran Tang Khoi...Conference by Le Quang Toan (2013): Some experience lessons learned in propaganda and advocacy for the public in Central Highland provinces... Journal articles by Hai Lan (2010): "Experience in propaganda and advocacy of law enforcement in the community of Lam Dong"; Nguyen Manh Hung (2013): Strengthen the propaganda and advocacy for people in Central Highlands provinces to fight for the abolition of the heresy Ha Mon, Journal of People's Advocacy(9). Dr. Le Van Cuong (2014): "Advocacy work of ethnic minorities in Central Highlands", Journal of Political Rationale, (2); Dr. Tran Tang Khoi (2015): "Some solutions to strengthen the great national unity in Gia Lai in the current period," Journal of Living Theory, (6), etc. 1.3. GENERALISATION OF THE RESEARCH RESULTS OF RELATED SCIENTIFIC STUDIES AND ISSUES THAT THE THESIS FOCUSES ON 1.3.1. Generalisation of the main research results of related scientific studies First is, presenting some of the key rationale issues and reality of the Party leading the people in general and the Communist Party of Vietnam leading public stimulation. Second is, presenting the role of the people and the Party in public stimulation. Third is, having provided some experience and solutions to strengthen the advocacy of social classes. Results of scientific works related to thesis have values for reference , research; recognizing approach and solving isues in thesis content. Some of the solutions proposed by the scientists on the Party leadership for public stimulation can be used to develop and research in the topic. 9 1.3.2. Issues that the thesis continues to focus in researching First is, further clarifying the rationale basis of public stimulation of the Party and the reality of the leadership of the Party Committees in Central Highlands for the current public stimulation. Second is, generalizing the characteristics of Central Highlands provinces with the strategic location for national defense, security, politics, socio-economy; demographic context; functions, tasks, characteristics of provincial committees; the concept of provincial committees in Central Highlands leading the current people's advocacy; role, content and leadership approach for public stimulation in Central Highlands. Third is, evaluating and analyzing the situation of public stimulation in Central Highlands provinces and the reality of Central Highlands Party committees leading public stimulation from 2010 to today, drawing practical experience in leading public stimulation of the provincial Party Committees. Fourth is, presenting factors influencing, the direction and main solutions to strengthen the leadership for better people's advocacy in Central Highlands provinces till 2025. This is an independent, non-duplicate topic that will make new certain scientific contributions. Chapter 2 CENTRAL HIGHLANDS PROVINCIALA PARTY COMMITTEES LEADING PUBLIC STIMULATION – RATIONALE AND PRACTICAL ISSUES 2.1. OVERVIEW OF PROVINCES AND PROVINCIAL PARTY COMMITTEES IN CENTRAL HIGHLANDS 2.1.1. Overview of provinces in Central Highlands The thesis has stated the geographical and natural characteristics; economic conditions; socio-cultural conditions; ethnic composition; religious belief; the political system and the situation of national defense and security in Central Highlands. Thereby, pointed out the remarkable difficulties, obstacles and challenges for public stimulation. Because provinces in Central Highlands are complex areas, converged by mountainous, ethnically, religiously and border sensitive elements that the Party must focus to monitor. 2.1.2. Overview of provincial Party in Central Highlands The thesis outlines the characteristics of provincial Party in Central Highlands, the reality of party organization and party members: 10 First is, provincial Party in Central Highlands have a tradition of persistent revolutionary struggle against foreign invasions, socialist construction, and today’s active implementation the Party's renovation. Second is, the number of affiliated party organizations and the number of party members among provincial Party vary greatly, largest in Gia Lai provincial Party, smallest in Dak Nong provincial Party. Third is, Party members of Central Highlands provincial party originated from many localities in the country, thus forming less local thought, causing internal divide which is a favorable condition for party committees to lead and step by step build the locality towards development. Fourth is, the system of party organizations, party committees, officials and party members are constantly strengthened and consolidated, including: 05 under-central party committees, 89 district-level party committees and equivalent, 3,524 party organizations and 7,805 village branches; 28 villages without a branch (0.36%), 17 villages without members (0.22%), provincial Party will focus leadership on so that all villages will have party organizations and members. 2.1.3. Characteristics, functions and tasks of the provincial committees in Central Highlands today 2.1.3.1. Context characteristics The provincial Party Committees of the Central Highlands province lead in a complex and politically sensitive area; ưith ethnic, religious, mountainous and border factors, thus hostile forces always seek to fight against and divide the great national unity. Provincial committees
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