Luận án Education of ho chi minh’s humanistic thought for university students in Vietnam today

1. The urgency of the research project Ho Chi Minh’s though is the system of comprehensive and profound views on the on the fundamental issues of the Vietnamese revolution, in which the idea of national liberation, liberation of the class, liberation of the people is main content and the red thread throughout his entire intellectual heritage. It is nothing more than a genuine humanism, which is the basis for creating the vitality and permanence of Ho Chi Minh Thought. Ho Chi Minh's humanistic thought, or Ho Chi Minh's humanism is an important component part, holding the nucleus, the philosophical foundation of the whole ideology as well as the actual Ho Chi Minh’s career, is the essence of the whole Ho Chi Minh legacy. This value has endogenous, extremely strong externalities, deepening the thought, persuasion, sensation, transformation of Ho Chi Minh's method and style. It was also the human values of Ho Chi Minh that contributed to the nature and power of the Communist Party of Vietnam and the cause of the Vietnamese revolution. Hence, the study of Ho Chi Minh's humanistic thought in a holistic way is the deepening of the ideology, which in turn, more clearly defines the mechanism of existence and the permeability of that thought. For all classes of people. Youth, including students, are a key force in the construction and defense of the country, as a messenger for Vietnam's international integration, as an emblem of the Vietnamese nation. For the Vietnamese culture, therefore, they need to be all-round people in the spiritual, intellectual, physical and aesthetic aspects, which, in essence, are nothing more than human values. valve

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HO CHI MINH NATIONAL ACADEMY OF POLITICS LE CAO VINH EDUCATION OF HO CHI MINH’S HUMANISTIC THOUGHT FOR UNIVERSITY STUDENTS IN VIETNAM TODAY THE SUMMARY OF DOCTORAL THESIS FIELD OF STUDY: HO CHI MINH STUDIES CODE: 62.31.02.04 HA NOI – 2017 The thesis is completed at Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics Supervisors: 1. Assoc. Prof. Dr. Pham Ngoc Anh 2. Assoc. Prof. Dr. Hoang Anh Reviewer 1: . . Reviewer 2: .. .. Reviewer 3: .. .. The thesis defense is hosted by Dissertation Commettee at institute level, Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics At ,DateMonth.Year 20...... The thesis paper can be reached at: National Library and Library of Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics 1 PREFACE 1. The urgency of the research project Ho Chi Minh’s though is the system of comprehensive and profound views on the on the fundamental issues of the Vietnamese revolution, in which the idea of national liberation, liberation of the class, liberation of the people is main content and the red thread throughout his entire intellectual heritage. It is nothing more than a genuine humanism, which is the basis for creating the vitality and permanence of Ho Chi Minh Thought. Ho Chi Minh's humanistic thought, or Ho Chi Minh's humanism is an important component part, holding the nucleus, the philosophical foundation of the whole ideology as well as the actual Ho Chi Minh’s career, is the essence of the whole Ho Chi Minh legacy. This value has endogenous, extremely strong externalities, deepening the thought, persuasion, sensation, transformation of Ho Chi Minh's method and style. It was also the human values of Ho Chi Minh that contributed to the nature and power of the Communist Party of Vietnam and the cause of the Vietnamese revolution. Hence, the study of Ho Chi Minh's humanistic thought in a holistic way is the deepening of the ideology, which in turn, more clearly defines the mechanism of existence and the permeability of that thought. For all classes of people. Youth, including students, are a key force in the construction and defense of the country, as a messenger for Vietnam's international integration, as an emblem of the Vietnamese nation. For the Vietnamese culture, therefore, they need to be all-round people in the spiritual, intellectual, physical and aesthetic aspects, which, in essence, are nothing more than human values. valve. Thus, one of the central tasks of Vietnamese education, as pointed out by the Communist Party of Vietnam, is "renovating the program to develop the capacity and qualities of learners, a harmony of morality, wisdom, physical and art; teaching people, teaching words and vocational training. To renovate the contents of education in the direction of streamlining, modern and practical, suited to ages, levels and trades; Increase practice, apply knowledge into practice. 2 Focusing on personality education, ethics, lifestyle, legal knowledge and civic awareness. Focusing on the fundamental values of culture, tradition and ethics, the quintessence of human culture, the core values and humanities of Marxism-Leninism and Ho Chi Minh's thought "To carry out that task, deepening the study and education of Ho Chi Minh’s humanist thought in life to promote the process of human culture of social life, human culture of human nature of Vietnam, in It has young people and students, and at the same time makes the human values of Ho Chi Minh more and more confirmed, accretion, light and permanence is a matter of practical significance. Therefore, the researcher chose the topic of "Education of Ho Chi Minh’s humanistic thought for students of universities in Vietnam today" to do doctoral thesis, specialized in Ho Chi Minh. 2. Purpose and task of research 2.1. Purpose Analyzing the basic contents of Ho Chi Minh humanist thought, building a system of criteria for quality assessment, analysis of the situation and proposing solutions for educating humanistic ideas of Ho Chi Minh for students at universities in our country today. 2.2. Research mission - Clarify the basis of Ho Chi Minh’s humanistic thought - To build a system of criteria for evaluating the quality of humanitarian education activities for students at universities in our country - Clarifying the basic contents of Ho Chi Minh’s humanistic thought; - Assessing the reality of Ho Chi Minh City's education and humanities education. - Proposing solutions to improve the quality of Ho Chi Minh’s humanistic education for students at universities in Vietnam. 3 3. Object and area of study 3.1. Research subjects Educating Ho Chi Minh’s thought for students of universities in Vietnam. 3.2. Area of study - The PhD dissertation focuses on studying the humanities education for students of universities in our country today. - Educating the Ho Chi Minh’s humanistic thought for students in universities is a broad issue. Therefore, in the framework of the dissertation, the author focuses on researching and exploring the realities of education of Ho Chi Minh’s humanistic thought at universities in the North. - Educational activities of Ho Chi Minh’s humanistic education for university students are studied and researched from 2006 to 2016. 4. Theories and methods of research 4.1. Theories The PhD dissertation is practiced based on Marxist-Leninist views, Ho Chi Minh's thought and the Party's viewpoint on socialism, culture, morality and humanity. 4.2. Research Methods - The dissertation is studied based on the methodology of Marxism- Leninism - The dissertation uses the research methods of interdisciplinary and specialized disciplines, with special emphasis on methods: logical methods, history, use of textual methods, study of works Ho Chi Minh's classics, combining speeches, articles with practical guidance of people; Use specialized methods: sociological investigation, analysis, synthesis, comparison, ... to carry out the study. 4 5. The scientific and practical of the topic 5.1. The scientific - The dissertation contributes to enrich the system of policies and guidelines of the Party and the State on the work of educating the youth in general and moral education and humanity in particular. - The dissertation is an important theoretical basis for universities to develop plans and guidelines for the study of student morality. - A reference for studying, researching the morality and style of Ho Chi Minh in our universities. 5.2. The practical of the topic The dissertation proposes basic solutions to help universities to promote the education of humanist thought in Ho Chi Minh for current students. 6. New contributions of the PhD’s thesis - Analyze the Ho Chi Minh’s humanistic thought in a logical and sequence. -The thesis proposes a system of solutions to improve the quality of education of the Ho Chi Minh’s humanistic thought for students of universities in Vietnam today. 7. Structure of the thesis In addition to the introduction, conclusion, list of references, appendix, thesis consists of 4 chapters, 10 periods Chapter 1. OVERVIEW OF THE RESEARCH SITUATION 1.1. Sciences relates to Ho Chi Minh humanistic thought Researching on Ho Chi Minh’s humanistic thought has been widely studied by scholars, scientists, domestic and foreign individuals caring about 5 studying scientific topics, reference manual, theses, articles published scientific magazines, etc. Researching on this topics is accessed to different ways according to different researches by sciences, however, sciences all focus on clarifying common theories of Ho Chi Minh’s humanistic thought as the concept, characteristics, origins, and basic contents of Ho Chi Minh’s humanistic thought. These results are very respectful and have helped to clarify many common theoretical issues of Ho Chi Minh’s thought about humanity. These researchs have provided important suggestions, valuable reference materials and important theoretical basis for the author to inherit, continue to deepen the study: The content of Ho Chi Minh’s humanistic thought. 1.2. Some researches relates to educate Ho Chi Minh’s humanistic thought. Educating Ho Chi Minh’s humanistic thought to various sections of the people in society is an important task in the process of building a new moral foundation for Vietnamese people in the current period. This issue has been studied by scientists and scholars in various scientific works. In these works, the authors have initially clarified the following issues: the content system of Ho Chi Minh’s humanistic thought; Clarifying the need to educate this idea for all classes of people in the process of innovation and international integration; proposing directions as well as propose some solutions to educate Ho Chi Minh’s humanistic thought for all classes in the building of new ethics and new people in our country. These works have provided many important suggestions, which are precious documents, which is the basis for the author to inherit, continue to study in depth: Education of the Ho Chi Minh’s humanistic thought for students of universities in Vietnam. 1.3. The problems have been studied and raised for the thesis to continue studying. 1.3.1. The problems have been studied Overview of the research situation related to the dissertation of scientists is the extremely valuable research that the author references and 6 inherits and performs the thesis. Through research on Ho Chi Minh's humanist thought, on the education of humanist thought in Ho Chi Minh City, the authors of the study have clarified the following issues: Firstly, the study of Ho Chi Minh’s humanistic thought: - First, the authors point out the basis for the formation of Ho Chi Minh’s humanistic thought: the inheritance of the traditional values of humanity, the homeland and the family; The cultural quintessence of humanity on human kindness; Personal qualities of Ho Chi Minh. - Secondly, the basic content, penetrating in Ho Chi Minh’s humanistic thought has been asserted by the authors is: infinite love for people, especially the suffering; Considering people as goals, is the dynamics of networking; Great tolerance for man; Caring for human development. However, the results of the research of scientists on the origin, characteristics and contents of the Ho Chi Minh’s humanistic thought were studied from the perspective of morality, culture, society, human. But most of these works have only approached research in the form of writings, there are not many monographs that are systematic, comprehensive and profound in the origin and content of Ho Chi Minh’s humanistic thought. Second, the study of education in Ho Chi Minh’s humanistic thought - Firstly, the authors have clarified the necessity of educating Ho Chi Minh’s humanistic thought for various sections of the people in society in order to create fully developed new people to meet the requirements of the Industrialization and modernization of the country. -Secondly, in these works, the authors have pointed out the issues and directly influenced the quality of Ho Chi Minh’s humanistic education. That is, the conflict between enhancing the effectiveness of educational activity and the quality of educational actors; the educational content of Ho Chi Minh’s 7 humanistic thought and real life; the desire to improve the personality with the lack of awareness in the training and training of a part of society. -Thirdly, the authors point out the directions and contents needed for education from the Ho Chi Minh’s humanistic thought. In addition, they have proposed specific measures to improve the effectiveness of this educational activity for all classes of people in society. However, the authors have just stopped studying ideological education for cadres, Party members, bringing into play the human factor. In fact, there have been no concrete works in the systematic study of the Ho Chi Minh’s humanistic thought, especially in the current period. 1.3.2. Issues are investigated in the thesis study process From the results obtained as well as the issues raised in the study of Ho Chi Minh’s humanistic thought and the education of the Ho Chi Minh’s humanistic thought, this is an important basis for the author to designate. Direction in researching and identifying key areas: - Firstly, the dissertation will continue to comprehensively study the contents of Ho Chi Minh’s humanistic thought. -Secondly, based on the analysis of Ho Chi Minh’s humanistic thought, the author will develop criteria for assessing the quality of Ho Chi Minh’s humanistic education activities for students in universities; From there, assess the current status of this educational activity in the universities in Vietnam today. -Thirdly, through the evaluation of the current status of the Ho Chi Minh’s humanistic education activities for students in Vietnamese universities, the dissertation proposes a direction and system of educational solutions. Ho Chi Minh’s humanistic thought for students of universities in Vietnam today. 8 Chapter 2 HO CHI MINH’S HUMANISTIC THOUGHT- CONTENTS, NECESSARY AND CRITERIA FOR ASSESSING THE QUALITY OF EDUCATION OF HO CHI MINH’S HUMANISTIC FOR STUDENTS 2.1. Ho Chi Minh’s humanistic thought 2.1.1. Some concepts 2.1.1.1. Concept of humanism The dissertation is consistent with the views of researchers who argue that humanism is a concept who’s meaning often emphasizes cultural values, values and human rights. The concept of humanism is a manifestation of morality, emotion, human love. However, these two concepts have the identity of humanity, love, concern for human well- being, human values and human love. 2.1.1.2. The concept of “Ho Chi Minh’s humanistic thought” From the results of the researches of scientists, as well as the requirements of the Marxist methodology, the thesis is that: Ho Chi Minh’s humanistic thought is a system of human arguments and The liberation of people drawn from the revolutionary reality; These arguments are formed on the basis of the selective inheritance of traditional humanistic values, human values in human culture with the climax of Marxism-Leninism, aiming at Liberate and develop human beings comprehensively. It is a concept of human nature; Human love; Spirit of tolerance; Considering both human being as the target and the cause of revolutionary cause; On human cultivation strategy ... Ho Chi Minh Humanistic thinking is oriented in building new people in our country today. 2.1.1.3. The concept of “The education of Ho Chi Minh’s humanistic thought” for students 9 Based on the results of his research, the author of the thesis said: The education of humanist thought in Ho Chi Minh for students is the process of organizing systematic, purposeful and regular impact of human arguments, human love, the struggle for human well-being Ho Chi Minh's idea of appropriate educational methods of educational actors in the school to the perception of students to equip students with knowledge, skills and attitudes appropriate to the target. Moral standards and step by step formation of new human personality in socialism for Vietnamese students today. 2.1.2. The basis of forming Ho Chi Minh’s humanistic thought Ho Chi Minh’s humanistic thought is formed by the following: 2.1.2.1. Vietnamese tradition of charity Traditional values of humanity of the Vietnamese people are an important basis for the formation of Ho Chi Minh’s humanistic thought. They are: the spirit of human love, the love of one's fellow beings is a prominent feature in Traditional charity of Vietnamese culture; The spirit of tolerance, peace and love is a characteristic of the Vietnamese tradition of charity. 2.1.2.2. Value of compassion. The thesis confirmed, the values of compassion are the basis to create the richness and comprehensiveness of Ho Chi Minh’s humanistic thought, it is: Oriental culture values The thesis gives some values of cultural thought of Confucianism such as: The concept of "human" of Confucianism, the "love" (love) of the Mac Tu; Buddhist people with views about human beings, about human life; About the concept of life and purpose of life; The liberation and rescue of people from suffering are the important values that influenced the formation of Ho Chi Minh’s humanistic thought. Western cultural quintessence The Western cultural values that Ho Chi Minh received, played an important role in the formation of his humanistic ideals, were the Renaissance humanist ideologies, the Age of Light, the thought Bourgeois 10 humanism, Christian humanism and other advanced humanist ideologies in Western and world cultures. These values are selectively absorbed by Ho Chi Minh and lay the foundations for the birth of a new humanism. Thus, this humanitarian value is an important source in the formation of Ho Chi Minh’s humanistic thought. Marxist-Leninist humanism The Marxist-Leninist doctrine advocates the liberation of the oppressed, enslaved, liberated, liberated, building a new world, a free society, equality and happiness. Ho Chi Minh has absorbed, creatively applied and developed the human values of Marxism-Leninism to create for himself a humanism with new characteristics and nuances - Ho Chi Minh's humanism. The advocates struggle against oppression and exploitation to liberate people completely and mainly to liberate oppressed and exploited workers to bring about a prosperous, free and happy life for everyone and for humanity. From the above, the thesis affirmed that Ho Chi Minh's humanistic thought was formed from solid foundations in which there was a tradition of humanity and the human essence of humanity. Particularly, the noble humanism of the Marxist-Leninist ideology was the decisive factor for the formation of Ho Chi Minh’s humanistic thought. 2.1.2.3. Qualities and personality of Ho Chi Minh Ho Chi Minh is an aspirant, patriotic people, especially the love that Ho Chi Minh devotes to working poor not only in the country but around the world. He is a steadfast man who has the will to be resilient in the struggle to bring happiness to the people. It is a man of intelligent, sharp, sharp, inquisitive nature; Have creative thinking; Have learned wisdom, a deep knowledge; Have strong faith in the people; Have the will, extraordinary energy; Have exemplary moral virtues; Simple, modest, close to the people. With these personal qualities, Ho Chi Minh was able to rapidly acquire knowledge, treasure of historical experience, elite humanism of humanity and transformation, but quintessential Transform into your 11 qualities, thoughts, and wisdom without falling into the stereotype, copying. 2.1.3. Basic contents of Ho Chi Minh’s humanistic thought 2.1.3.1. Ho Chi Minh's concept of human nature Based on the inheritance and development of Marxist-Leninist theories of man, Ho Chi Minh has a unique approach and conception of man. In Ho Chi Minh's view, there is no general human, abstract as per the doctrine of religious doctrine, but only specific people associated with specific historical conditions and circumstances. The concept of human beings in Ho Chi Minh’s thought is understood as "narrow meaning is family, brothers, relatives, friends, wide sense is the people in the whole country, more broadly human." The perception of human nature is social, subject to the influence and influence of social relationships, so in Ho Chi Minh's thought, good or
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