Luận án Ho Chi Minh’s philosophy of action

1. The necessity of the thesis In facing the need to choose the revolutionary path to liberate and develop the nation, Ho Chi Minh formed his philosophy of action from an early age, becoming a consistent theme throughout the rest of his life. Going out to the world, approaching the Marxism-Leninism, Ho Chi Minh found a way to save the country and liberate the nation by ensuring national independence associated with socialism. Ho Chi Minh's philosophy of action indicates that national independence and national independence right is sacred, inviolable and that freedom andhappiness for the people is the ultimate goal of all actions. The objective of Ho Chi Minh's action is the constant values and goals expressed by the rich and powerful actions of Ho Chi Minh in the process of leading and realizing revolutionary goals. The philosophy of Ho Chi Minh's actions objective is still valuable, contributing to the orientation of action for the Party and the people in the cause of national renewal and development. Through the lens of Marxism-Leninism, Ho Chi Minh not only selected the philosophical values of the nation, of the East, of the West but also recognized and developed motives for revolutionary action. The philosophy of the power of the masses, the role of the masses are grasped in action. The people are the bottom line, the core value of all action, the philosophy of action of Ho Chi Minh. Patriotism of the people in the national tradition identified by Ho Chi Minh as "your precious things", and by concrete, practical actions, he arouse and promoted those precious things to serve the revolutionary cause. Patriotism is promoted by "emulation is patriotism, patriotism must emulate", and the spirit of "solidarity, unity, national unity" of the nation and the world, creating strong driving force determining the revolutionary victory. In the revolutionary cause, the democratic way of doing things has become a "universal key" to solve all difficulties. The philosophy of action dynamics embodied in Ho Chi Minh's philosophy of action is based on scientific theories, with affirmative and practical results, which have been the orientations for the Party's actions in formulating policies and building directions in order to bring into full play the dynamics of the cause of revolution in the new conditions of the country

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HO CHI MINH NATIONAL ACADEMY OF POLITICS YEN NGOC TRUNG HO CHI MINH’S PHILOSOPHY OF ACTION SUMMARY OF DOCTORAL THESIS FIELD OF STUDY: HO CHI MINH STUDIES Code: 62 31 02 04 HA NOI - 2017 The thesis was completed at Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics Supervisors: 1. Assoc. Prof., Dr. Bui Dinh Phong 2. Assoc. Prof., Dr. Le Van Tich Reviewer 1: .... Reviewer 2: ... .. Reviewer 3: ... .. The thesis shall be defended in front of the Thesis Committee at Academy Level at Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics Athourdatemonth. year 2017 The thesis can be found at: The National Library and Library of Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics 1 INTRODUCTION 1. The necessity of the thesis In facing the need to choose the revolutionary path to liberate and develop the nation, Ho Chi Minh formed his philosophy of action from an early age, becoming a consistent theme throughout the rest of his life. Going out to the world, approaching the Marxism-Leninism, Ho Chi Minh found a way to save the country and liberate the nation by ensuring national independence associated with socialism. Ho Chi Minh's philosophy of action indicates that national independence and national independence right is sacred, inviolable and that freedom andhappiness for the people is the ultimate goal of all actions. The objective of Ho Chi Minh's action is the constant values and goals expressed by the rich and powerful actions of Ho Chi Minh in the process of leading and realizing revolutionary goals. The philosophy of Ho Chi Minh's actions objective is still valuable, contributing to the orientation of action for the Party and the people in the cause of national renewal and development. Through the lens of Marxism-Leninism, Ho Chi Minh not only selected the philosophical values of the nation, of the East, of the West but also recognized and developed motives for revolutionary action. The philosophy of the power of the masses, the role of the masses are grasped in action. The people are the bottom line, the core value of all action, the philosophy of action of Ho Chi Minh. Patriotism of the people in the national tradition identified by Ho Chi Minh as "your precious things", and by concrete, practical actions, he arouse and promoted those precious things to serve the revolutionary cause. Patriotism is promoted by "emulation is patriotism, patriotism must emulate", and the spirit of "solidarity, unity, national unity" of the nation and the world, creating strong driving force determining the revolutionary victory. In the revolutionary cause, the democratic way of doing things has become a "universal key" to solve all difficulties. The philosophy of action dynamics embodied in Ho Chi Minh's philosophy of action is based on scientific theories, with affirmative and practical results, which have been the orientations for the Party's actions in formulating policies and building directions in order to bring into full play the dynamics of the cause of revolution in the new conditions of the country. Ho Chi Minh's philosophy of action is reflected in the rich and profound revolutionary cause. The philosophy of "Invaluable change for change" is Ho Chi Minh's method of action and of leading actions. Thoroughly grasping this philosophy in action assures the independence of the people, the freedom and happiness of the people, and shows the flexibility and creativity in concrete methods of action to accomplish the goal set out by the revolution. Facing the degradation of ideology, morality, saying not to go along with doing, saying one thing but doing another, etc. among the current cadres, party members, philosophy of action method "exemplifying in action”, "Party members 2 leading then the village following", Party members are "model boat" in Ho Chi Minh's philosophy of action further affirming the strong values of implementing the philosophy. Ho Chi Minh's action philosophy concerning speaking with actual action, exemplifying in action, is a value that needs to be developed and expanded, becoming important criteria in assessing moral qualities, ideology of cadres and party members nowadays. With the results achieved in the reality of revolutionary action, Ho Chi Minh's philosophy of action has contributed to the development of the philosophy of action contained in Marxism-Leninism, developing the philosophy of action of the nation to a new level. Contents of the philosophy of action orientated the Party’s activities and in building quality, standards of action, fighting, working and learning for cadres and party members. At the same time, the successes of the Vietnamese revolution and Ho Chi Minh's philosophy of action have strongly supported the revolutionary movement of colonial national liberation in the world. Implementing his philosophy of action, Ho Chi Minh showed that the example of the pure, loyal international communist soldiers, affirmed the philosophical act of humanity of the nation of Vietnam. Ho Chi Minh's philosophy of action, with its deep and scientific content, its values enrich Ho Chi Minh's legacy, the tremendous spiritual wealth of the Party and people, Theoretical and practical values of the philosophy have significance for the development of the nation and the era. For that reason, I chose Ho Chi Minh's Philosophy of Action as my doctoral thesis with the desire to understand and contribute to the clarification of Ho Chi Minh's treasure. 2. Research purpose and research tasks 2.1. Research purpose The dissertation will clarify the concept, basis of formation, nature and basic contents; Ethnic and era values of Ho Chi Minh's Philosophy of Action. 2.2. Research task - Overview of the research situation related to the thesis topic, showing the results, identifying the thesis issues that should be further studied and clarified. - Definition of concepts; The basis of Ho Chi Minh's philosophy of action. - Analyzing the content, defining the nature of Ho Chi Minh's philosophy of action. - Assessing the national and the era values of Ho Chi Minh's philosophy of action. 3. Subject and scope of the study 3.1. Research subjects Ho Chi Minh's philosophy of action includes the foundational aspects, the content, the nature, the values of the nation, and the values of era of the philosophy. 3.2. Research scope From the perspective of Ho Chi Minh, concerning the materials, the thesis analyzes actions, tasks, articles, speeches, practical guidance; regarding the content, it 3 is the views, the practical action; as for the timing, it is mainly after the August Revolution from 1945 to 1969, to clarify the content and value of Ho Chi Minh's philosophy of action. 4. Theoretical basis and research methodology 4.1. Theoretical basis The theoretical basis of the thesis is the views of Marxism-Leninism, Ho Chi Minh’s ideology, the Communist Party of Vietnam on the path, goals, motives and methods of revolutionary action. 4.2. Research Methodology The thesis uses dialectical materialist methodology, historical materialism and specific methods: Logical and historical methods in analyzing and evaluating events and actions of Ho Chi Minh; abstracting and generalizing methods to clarify Ho Chi Minh's philosophy of action in different fields, and at the same time using a number of other specific methods such as analysis, comparison, synthesis, etc. to fulfil the purpose of the dissertation. 5. Scientific and practical contribution of the thesis 5.1. Scientific contribution - The thesis contributes to clarify the concept, defining the nature of Ho Chi Minh's philosophy of action. - The topic clarifies the foundation basis and contents of Ho Chi Minh's philosophy of action. - Determining ethnic values and values of the era of Ho Chi Minh's philosophy of action; contributing to affirm the comprehensiveness of the Ho Chi Minh heritage. 5.2. Practical contribution In theory: The dissertation contributes to increase the knowledge of political science in general, of Ho Chi Minh in particular and becoming the basis for the Communist Party of Vietnam to apply in the process of social development, especially the problem of unifying in the actions, words and deeds of the contingent of cadres and party members in the context of the renovation and integration of the country. In practice: The dissertation can be used as a reference for study and research in the fields of political science such as: Ho Chi Minh studies, politics, Party construction as well as applied in building and rectifying the current Party. 6. Structure of the thesis In addition to the Introduction, Conclusion, List of References, the thesis is structured in 4 chapters, 12 sectiond: 4 Chapter 1 OVERVIEW OF RESEARCH SITUATION 1.1. Study of philosophy The study of philosophy is not much, some studies have mentioned the philosophy only to unify the concept of philosophy, as a basis for the study of the content of a particular philosophy. A review of the philosophical research reveals that the perception of conceptual and perceptual characteristics in relation to the philosophy of the researchers is relatively uniform. There is different perceptions of philosophy in works, but they are fundamentally not contradictory but complementary. Studies have always put philosophy in relation to philosophy, comparison, distinction of concepts, understanding of the relationship between philosophy and philosophy is increasingly clear. 1.2. Study of Ho Chi Minh’s philosophy Researching on the philosophy of Ho Chi Minh recently was also widely concerned by many researchers. However, there are not many specialized researches on Ho Chi Minh philosophy. Ho Chi Minh's philosophy is mentioned scattered in the study of method and ideology in the philosophy of Ho Chi Minh. The research works are mainly journal articles or scientific thematic articles. Ho Chi Minh's philosophies that were invested to be researched is the philosophy of "Being invariant to change variables", philosophy of social development, these are also works of scientific value. Studying the philosophy of Ho Chi Minh needs more attention and investment because of the scientific values and requirements of the country. 1.3. Study the Ho Chi Minh’s philosophy of action Until now, no work has studied the philosophy of action of Ho Chi Minh. However, in the study of Ho Chi Minh's philosophies or in the study of the method, style and philosophical ideology of Ho Chi Minh, the action philosophy of Ho Chi Minh was mentioned. The approach to the content of Ho Chi Minh's philosophy of action shows that the works reflected the goals, methods, motives, forms of expression, the formation path of the philosophy of action. However, the content is scattered in the works, there has been no work studying to clarify the philosophy of action of Ho Chi Minh. 1.4. Evaluation of the published research results and issues set out for the thesis 1.4.1. Achieved research results Firstly, through the works, philosophical concepts, Ho Chi Minh's philosophy and Ho Chi Minh's development philosophy are basically unified. It was able to initially determine the relationship between Ho Chi Minh's philosophies, the relationship between Ho Chi Minh's action philosophy and Ho Chi Minh's 5 philosophies. Works that evaluate the relationship between philosophy, or philosophies on one level are the study of Ho Chi Minh’s ideology. Secondly, the researchers asserted that Ho Chi Minh had many philosophies such as development philosophy, philosophy of people, humanity philosophy, moral philosophy, educational philosophy... and affirmed that there is the philosophy of action of Ho Chi Minh. In Ho Chi Minh, the philosophy of every problem is expressed in concrete action, Ho Chi Minh's action philosophy is mixed in other philosophies. Thirdly, the researchers consider Marxist-Leninist philosophy as the basis of Ho Chi Minh's philosophy. Researchers agreed that Ho Chi Minh is a practical philosopher. Applicants of the principles, rules, and pairs of Marxist - Leninist philosophical categories in the revolutionary practice of Vietnam in the manner of Vietnamese and Eastern people, to carry out the renovation and social development in the spirit of Lenin-Marxism. Fourthly, the works affirmed that there is Ho Chi Minh's philosophy of action, citing some aspects of the content, expression of the form, the relationship of the philosophy of action with the categories of ethics,... or the relationship between the philosophy of action and Ho Chi Minh's development philosophy, but not enough and only for the purpose of researching other content. Fifthly, researches, when referring to Ho Chi Minh's philosophy, are of high interest to the researchers in the following matters: the philosophy of the people, the philosophy of humanity, the goal of action is to solve people report, human liberation, social liberation; Theory attached to reality is the supreme principle, the goal of action; speaking along with doing is one of the characteristics of Ho Chi Minh’s style and method; " Being invariant to change variables" is the principle considered action number one, culminating in the action method of Ho Chi Minh. These are issues that will be discussed by the thesis from the perspective of Ho Chi Minh's philosophy of action. 1.4.2. Issues set out need further studying Firstly, acquire and present the system of concepts related to Ho Chi Minh philosophy and action philosophy. Formulating the concept of Ho Chi Minh’s Philosophy of Action. Confirming Ho Chi Minh's Philosophy of Action is the basis for defining Ho Chi Minh's goals, motives, and methods of action for other philosophies, as well as a fundamental way of expressing Ho Chi Minh's philosophy in revolutionary practice. Secondly, the dissertation explores the forming foundations and nature of Ho Chi Minh's philosophical nature. Thirdly, from the clues, the arguments in researches on the unification of theory and practice, on the speaking goes along with doing, about "being invariant to 6 change variables",... the author of the thesis continues to clarify the content of Ho Chi Minh's action philosophy, objectives, motives and methods of action in Ho Chi Minh's philosophy of action. Fourthly, from determining the basis of formation, nature, content, the thesis determine the value of the theory and practice of philosophy. Summary of Chapter 1 A review of the study shows that researches on Ho Chi Minh's philosophy and Ho Chi Minh's action philosophy have achieved some initial results. The researchers agreed that there is a philosophy of action of Ho Chi Minh. This philosophy is reflected in Ho Chi Minh's writings, speeches, and actions during revolutionary life. In the works, the researchers only mentioned one or some aspects of Ho Chi Minh's philosophy of action, none of which worked on Ho Chi Minh's action philosophy as the research subject. As approaching the study of Ho Chi Minh's philosophy of action, the dissertation points out some of the contents of the philosophy that have been mentioned by the works, on the basis of which performing evaluation of the results of the research and the problems set out for the thesis to continue research. Overview of the research situation is the basis for the dissertation to fulfill the purpose and task of studying Ho Chi Minh's philosophy of action. Chapter 2 CONCEPTS, FOUNDATIONS AND NATURE OF HO CHI MINH’S PHILOSOPHY OF ACTION 2.1. Some concepts 2.1.1. The concept of "philosophy" "Philosophy" is a term derived from the Greek word "Philosophia" which means "loving wisdom". Philosophy used in the popular sense is the study of the most common problems of nature, society and people, the relationship of people in general, of human thinking in particular with the world around. In terms of form, "philosophy" is a special form of consciousness and awareness, represented by a system of abstract principles, views, generalizations, and strict internal logic. It is the system of knowledge about the foundations and fundamental principles of the relationship between man and nature, society and spiritual life, which express a particular rational cognition of the system of the basic problem of human existence. 2.1.2. The concept of "theory of philosophy" In the Vietnamese Dictionary of the Institute of Linguistics, "philosophy" is understood as "philosophical theory", "general concept of human beings on human 7 and social issues", "theories on the issues of human and the society". In the Dictionary of Vietnamese words and definitions, the word “philosophical theory” in a word-by-word way, in which "philosophica" is wisdom, "theory" is reason, rationale, for example, the rationale of philosophy. In the great Vietnamese dictionary "theory of philosophy" is also referred to as "philosophical theory" and is also understood as "the general and deepest human notion of human and social problems". In other research, Vietnamese scientists have quite a variety of interpretations of the concept of "philosophical theory" which can be understood as: Philosophical theory is the conjugal proposition from the experiences of human that is morally oriented in the relationship between man and man, man with nature, man with society, become the motto of human life and action. 2.1.3. The concept of "Ho Chi Minh's philosophy of action" Ho Chi Minh associated the theory with practicality in a smooth way, practicalizing theories and theoreticalizing practice. He advocates actions and by concrete actions improving practice, speaking along with doing, doing more than speaking. He himself is a convincing example, the fire-acter, the one who awakens the peasantry, awakens the slave souls. Ho Chi Minh always shows the consistency between motivation and action, from big to small, from closer to farer subjects, all are clear, thorough, specific, planned, programmed, methods with reasonable steps. Ho Chi Minh's actions were not only aimed at solving the immediate problems, the pressing necessities of the revolution, but also the future development of the nation. In every action, on every field, Ho Chi Minh always put the people in the first place, considering the forces of the people being the greatest, it is the people who decide the survival of the country, the development of the revolutionary movement. From that point, it set out the responsibility of the Party and the State in all actions towards the people, to be loved by the people, to always love the people, to believe in the people, to respect the people, to put the interests of the people first and foremost, to be objective, to benefit the people, avoiding harm to the people. Ho Chi Minh's philosophy of action manifests itself in a variety of forms, mainly through practical activities, along with some of his writings and speeches, bearing the traits of the traditional philosophy of the nation but was scientifically supplemented and developed by philosophy of action contained in Marxism- Leninism. Ho Chi Minh's philosophy of action is poignant, profound statements that show Ho Chi Minh's goals, motives, and methods of action for the cause of liberation and development of the country. With this understanding, Ho Chi Minh's Philosophy of Action is approached to the widest possible extent, as a whole, a independent research subject, pointing out the basic underlying contents of Ho Chi Minh’s philosophy of action. 8 2.2. The formulation basis
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