Luận án Vietnam communist party leads the work of mass mobilization in the central highlands from 2001 to 2010

1. The necessity of the thesis The Party's mass mobilization are all activities of the Party and other organizations in the political system under the leadership of the Party to propagate, educate, mobilize, persuade, guide, gather and organize all classes of people to well implement the Party's viewpoints and guidelines as well as the State's policies and laws; caring for and protecting of the interests of the people; to promote the mastery and great strength of the people in the cause of developing and defending the Fatherland and to successfully accomplish he Party's objectives and ideals. Over the course of history, the Party has always determined that mass mobilization is an important and significant task for the whole revolutionary cause of the nation. It is a prerequisite condition to ensure the leadership of the Party; It contributes to reinforce and strengthen the close relationship between the Party and the people. Especially, in the reform period, mass mobilization of the Party has been strengthened and gradually reformed. The Party and the State have adopted many positive policies and solutions in relevant areas and targets. At the same time, there is a constant reform of the content and mode of leadership, the promotion and expansion of democracy, the mobilization of the people's mastery as well as the role of the State, the Vietnam Fatherland Front and the armed forces in mass organizations. In addition to the achievements, there are still certain limitation, weakness that make mass mobilization do not meet the increasing requirements of the cause of the reform process such as: the slow progress of specification of the mechanism of Party leadership, state’s management, People's ownership; some resolutions of the Party, policies and laws of the State have not been thoroughly understood and effectively implemented; The coordination between organizations in the political system is not very strong; Some state agencies are not aware of the position and importance of mass mobilization; the weakness

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HO CHI MINH NATIONAL ACADEMY OF POLITICS NGUYEN MAU LINH VIETNAM COMMUNIST PARTY LEADS THE WORK OF MASS MOBILIZATION IN THE CENTRAL HIGHLANDS FROM 2001 TO 2010 SUMMARY OF THE PHD THESIS Field of study: History of Vietnam Communist Party Code: 62 22 03 15 HA NOI - 2017 The thesis is completed at the HO CHI MINH NATIONAL ACADEMY OF POLITICS Supervisors: 1. Ass.Prof.Dr. Nguyen Minh Duc 2. Ass.Prof.Dr. Vu Quang Vinh Reviewer 1: ........................................................................... ........................................................................... Reviewer 2: ........................................................................... ........................................................................... Reviewer 3: ........................................................................... ........................................................................... The thesis will be defended in front of the Thesis Committee at Academy level, at the Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics At hour date month year The thesis can be found at the National Library and the Library of Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics 1 INTRODUCTION 1. The necessity of the thesis The Party's mass mobilization are all activities of the Party and other organizations in the political system under the leadership of the Party to propagate, educate, mobilize, persuade, guide, gather and organize all classes of people to well implement the Party's viewpoints and guidelines as well as the State's policies and laws; caring for and protecting of the interests of the people; to promote the mastery and great strength of the people in the cause of developing and defending the Fatherland and to successfully accomplish he Party's objectives and ideals. Over the course of history, the Party has always determined that mass mobilization is an important and significant task for the whole revolutionary cause of the nation. It is a prerequisite condition to ensure the leadership of the Party; It contributes to reinforce and strengthen the close relationship between the Party and the people. Especially, in the reform period, mass mobilization of the Party has been strengthened and gradually reformed. The Party and the State have adopted many positive policies and solutions in relevant areas and targets. At the same time, there is a constant reform of the content and mode of leadership, the promotion and expansion of democracy, the mobilization of the people's mastery as well as the role of the State, the Vietnam Fatherland Front and the armed forces in mass organizations. In addition to the achievements, there are still certain limitation, weakness that make mass mobilization do not meet the increasing requirements of the cause of the reform process such as: the slow progress of specification of the mechanism of Party leadership, state’s management, People's ownership; some resolutions of the Party, policies and laws of the State have not been thoroughly understood and effectively implemented; The coordination between organizations in the political system is not very strong; Some state agencies are not aware of the position and importance of mass mobilization; the weaknesses of the public apparatus may cause concerns, complaints from the people. They may create a gap so that the hostile forces and political opportunists taking advantage of distorting and provoking the masses, influencing the national solidarity. With that in mind, the 2 strengthening and renewal of the Party leadership towards mass mobilization is an urgent requirement to strengthen people's trust in the Party, the national solidarity, to mobilize the power of the people, and to create a mass movement to make Vietnam become a country with rich people, strong country, democracy, justice and civilization. The Central Highlands has strategically important position especially in terms of economics, politics, defense, security and ecological environment of the country. It is a land that rich in potential and advantages, but it also implies many factors of instability, especially the frequent and violent resistance of hostile forces to remove the leadership of the Party and the socialist regime in our country. Deeply aware of the special importance and position of strategic location and the need for developing "battle arrangement from people’s trust'' (thế trận lòng dân) in the Central Highlands in the process of leading ethnic minority people to develop and protect their new and happy life, the Party has taken steps by steps to reform the content and method of leading the mass mobilization to mobilize and gather all classes of people to carry out socio-economic, defense and security tasks; to reinforce and strengthen the national solidarity in this area. In particular, during the period 2001-2010, in the face of complex developments in the political security situation in the Central Highlands, the Party has led and directed mass mobilization to achieve remarkable results. However, besides the achievements, there are still many limitations and shortcomings that need to overcome. The practice of the three riots, riots (2001, 2004 and 2008) in some provinces in Central Highlands is evident. The cause of these riots, should be identified and analyzed in a thorough, multi-dimensional way, including the identification of limitations and weakness of the Party about mass mobilization. Therefore, study and summing up the process of Party’s leading the mass mobilization in the Central Highlands during these ten years of turbulence in order to confirm successes, to identify limitations and to initially draw some lesson learnt contributing to the developing and and organizing effective implementation of the Party's and State's policies and guidelines on mass mobilization in the Central Highlands is an urgent, 3 meaningful and profound task. With that in mind, this thesis has chosen the issue of "Communist Party leads the work of mass mobilization in Central Highland from 2001 to 2010" as a research topic for his PHD thesis, majoring in History of the Communist Party of Vietnam. 2. Purpose and task of the research 2.1. Research purpose To clarify the process of Vietnam Communist Party leads the work of mass mobilization in Central High land from 2001 to 2010; then to draw some key experiences, contributing to improve the quality and effectiveness the work of mass mobilization of the Party in Central High land in the current period. 2.2. Tarks of the research - To study and clarify the factors affecting the Party's leadership toward the work of mass mobilization in Central High land from 2001 to 2010. - To clarify the guidelines and direction of Vietnam Communist Party toward the work of mass mobilization in Central High land from 2001 to 2010. - To assess the situation of the work of mass mobilization of the Party with its strengths, limitations as well as its causes and draw some key experiences on Vietnam Communist Party’s leadership toward the work of mass mobilization in Central High land from 2001 to 2010. 3. Subjects and scope of the research 3.1. Research subjects The subject of research is the leadership and direction of the Communist Party of Vietnam toward the work of mass mobilization in Central High land. 3.2. Research scope - In term of content: The work of mass mobilization of the Party has a rich and extensive content. Within the scope of the thesis, the dissertation focuses on the Party's point of view and policy on the work of mass mobilization and the process of directing the implementation of the work of mass mobilization in Central High land from 2001 to 2010. - In term of space: To research the work of mass mobilization of the Party in Central High land (including Dak Lak, Gia Lai, Kon Tum, Lam Dong, Dak Nong) 4 - In term of time: To focus on the period of 10 years (2001-2010). However, in order to have a systematic research problem, the thesis mentioned some relevant contents in the period before 2001. 4. Rationale, research methods and material sources 4.1. Rationale The thesis is based on the theory of Marxism-Leninism, Ho Chi Minh's thoughts on the role of the masses and the mass mobilization of the Party. 4.2. Research Methods The main research method of the thesis is historical and logical methods. In addition, the thesis also incorporates the use of additional research methods such as analysis - synthesis, statistics, and comparison. 4.3. Material resources The main material sources in the thesis include: Party and State documents on the mass mobilization, Central High land; Conclusions and final reports of the Central High land Steering Committee, Central Commission for Mass Mobilization in Central High land; Documents and reports of the provincial Party Committee, the Provincial People's Committee and the Committee of Mass Mobilization of 5 provinces in Central High land; Studies on Central High land and the work of mass mobilization in Central High land. 5. New contributions of the thesis - The thesis analyzes clearly the development of awareness and policy as well as the Party's direction toward the work of mass mobilization in Central High land from 2001 to 2010. - Objectively and comprehensively assess the achievements and limitations of the Party for the leadership of the work of mass mobilization in Central High land in the period of 2001-2010. - To draw some historical experiences of the work of mass mobilization in Central High land that has value for present and future. 6. Theoretical and practical signification of the thesis - The work of mass mobilization is a very important field in the Party's activities, researching the process of Party’s leadership toward the work of mass mobilization in Central High land in the period of 2001-2010 5 will contribute to summarizing the work of mass mobilization of the Party in the renovation period. - The results of the dissertation contribute to provide a scientific basis for the formulation of appropriate policies and solutions to enhance the Party's mass mobilization in Central High land at the present and coming years. - The dissertation can be used as a reference material in researching and teaching the history of the work of mass mobilization of the Party in general and the work of mass mobilization of the Party Committee in Central High land in particular. 7. Structure of the thesis In addition to the introduction, conclusion, list of references and appendix, thesis consists of 4 chapters, 9 sections. Chapter 1 GENERAL OVERVIEW OF RELEVANT STUDIES 1.1. OVERVIEW OF RELEVANT STUDIES RELATED TO THE THESIS The Communist Party's mass mobilization work is an important issue that has been addressed in many research projects by local and foreign scholars. The relevant studies related to the thesis topic can be categorized into the followings groups: Group 1: Relevant studies on mass mobilization in general The thesis analyzed 16 domestic studies. Typical publications are: President Ho Chi Minh's idea on mass mobilization by the Central Commission for Mass Mobilization; Doing good in mass mobilization work in the new situation: China and Vietnam experiences by the Central Theoretical Council; Studying and following Ho Chi Minh style on smart people’s mobilization by Nguyen Ba Quang; History of mass mobilization of Communist Party of Vietnam (1930-2010) by the Central Commission for Mass Mobilization. In addition to the domestic studies there are also relevant foreign studies. Typical publication are: Reforming the work of Party development in rural area by Zhu Zhi He; Promoting the development of politics in 6 grassroots democracy, implementing grassroots governance and autonomy of the people can actively promote each other by Wang Qian; Persistence of view on seeing people as the highest, better implementation of mass work in the new situation by Liu Yunshan; How does the Communist Party of the world utilize democratic participation to tighten the relations between the Party and the people by Thai Thuong Kim ... Group 2: Relevant studies on Central High Land The thesis analyzed 13 studies, such as: The organization and operation of the village in the sustainable development of the Central Highlands and some key issues of the Central Highlands in sustainable development by Bui Minh Dao; Some particular socio-political tension spots in mountainous ethnic areas in recent years: current situation, problems and lessons learned for sustainable development by Luu Van Sung; Incorporating economic development and national defense in the Central Highlands during the period of 1996 - 2010 by Le Nhi Hoa; Towards sustainable development in Central Highlands by Le Van Khoa, Pham Quang Tu (Co-editors); Central Highland’s moving forward by Nguyen Tan Dung; Comprehensive, sustainable development of the Central Highlands Development in conformity with the strategically important position in socio-economic, defense, security and ecological environment, speech by Tran Dai Quang; General monograph on ethnic relations and the strategy to develop national solidarity for sustainable development of the Central Highlands by Pham Quang Hoan ... Group 3: Relevant studies on mass mobilization in the Central Highlands The thesis analyzes 12 studies, including the books such as Improving the capacity and ability of mass mobilization of the Front and mass organizations in communes, wards and towns in the new context of Gia Lai province by Gia Lai Party Committee; Developing and consolidating the national solidarty in the Central Highlands by Truong Minh Duc; Elderly people and village elders for the Central Highlands' sustainable development by Nguyen The Hue; Developing the core force for community mass mobilization of Ethnic Minorities in the Central Highlands by Nguyen The Tu; The Lessons learn from the success of 7 directing mass mobilization by Army division number 15 by Nguyen Manh Hung; The current policy on making ethnic friendship in Dak Lak by Pham Ngoc Dai; Promoting the role of mass mobilization in the Central Highlands in the new period by Nguyen Ban; Report on solutions to reform the operation of the mass mobilization system in the Central Highlands provinces in our country by Nguyen Thanh; Monograph on issues on people’s propaganda and mobilization of the public in the present period by Ho Chi Minh National Political and Administrative Academy and Dak Nong Provincial Party Committee; Thesis on reforming of ideological work of the Party in the Central Highlands in the present period by Truong Minh Tuan ... 1.2. OVERALL ASSESSMENT ON THE FINDING OF THE PUBLISHED STUDIES AND ISSUES FOR FURTHER ADDRED IN THE THESIS 1.2.1. Finding of the published studies - The relevant studies on the general theoretical issues of mass mobilization have addressed issues such as: concept, purpose, connotation, method and approach on mass mobilization; The leadership of President Ho Chi Minh and the Communist Party of Vietnam towards mass mobilization through different historical periods; affirming the achievements, identifying the limitations; At the same time, it initially sums up some experience in the process of leading mass mobilization of the Party. The authors also mentioned the reforming content and mode of the Party leadership in general and of each party and government organizations, Fatherland Front and mass organizations in particular. - Studies on the Central Highlands have analyzed the natural, economic, political, cultural and social characteristics of the Central Highlands, the impact of ethnic factors, religions, Hostile forces ... and synchronous solutions to make full use of potentials and advantages for socio-economic development, cultural identity of ethnic groups, development of political system and cadres to ensure the Central Highlands stable and sustainable development. - The practical studies on mass mobilization associated with the Central Highlands and specific localities has drawn a diverse picture of the reality of mass mobilization, along with good models and best practice, 8 which can be used as a basis for identification key contents and issues of concern in Party’s work on mass mobilization in Central High land 1.2.2. Issues for further study The literature review of relevant research works related to the topic of the thesis shows that besides the issues that have been discussed thoroughly, there are still many problems that require further discussion. Firstly, in theory, other authors did not analyze in depth viewpoints, policies, solutions to strengthen mass mobilization of the Party in the Central Highlands from 2001 to 2010. Secondly, in reality there has been any research to provide an in- depth assessment the practice of mass mobilization in the Central Highlands from 2001 to 2010. Thirdly, the published studies have only addressed some experiences and solutions of mass mobilization in national wide, or only mentioned each element in mass mobilization in the Central Highlands. They have not draw lessons learnt in mass mobilization leadership of the Party in the Central Highlands in the period of industrialization and modernization and international integration. So far, there has been no work to revise, systematically and systematically, the guidelines and direction of the Communist Party of Vietnam for mass mobilization in the Central Highlands from 2001 to 2010 from the perspective of Party historical study. These are the "gaps" for the author of this thesis to conduct further study: Firstly, analyzing the characteristics and politics, economics, culture, society, construction, security and defense situation of Central Highlands then to clarify factors affecting mass mobilization in the Central Highlands. Secondly, further studying and analyzing to clarify the development of Party awareness on the role and position of mass mobilization; to systematically explain the viewpoints, policies and guidelines of the Communist Party of Vietnam on mass mobilization in the Central Highlands from 2001 to 2010. Thirdly, assessing the practice of mass mobilization of the Party in the Central Highlands from 2001 to 2010 with its advantages, limitations and causes; From that, drawing lesson learn from the party leadership of mass mobilization, contributing to improve the quality and effectiveness of mass mobilization of the Party in the Central Highlands in the current period. 9 Chapter 2 VIETNAM COMMUNIST PARTY LEADS THE WORK OF MASS MOBILISATION IN CENTRAL HIGH LAND FROM 2001 TO 2010 2.1. CHARACTERISTICS OF CENTRAL HIGH LAND AND THE WORK OF MASS MOBILISATION IN CENTRAL HIGH LAND BEFORE 2001 2.1.1. Natural, economic, cultural and social characteristics that affect on the work of mass mobilization in Central High land The thesis analyzed the characteristics of natural, economic, population, cultural and social conditions; The situation of religion and belief; Hereby, to highlight the difficulties and challenges that have been set up in Central High land: The problem of land and the big gap between the rich and the poor; The level of education and capacity of cadres working on ethnic area is limited; The frequent and resistance aggression of the hostile forces. The natural, economic, cultural, social and human conditions of Central High land have many advanta
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