Tóm tắt Luận án Improving teaching techniques for the military college lecturers

Deriving from the teaching practical experience of myself, from the real situation of teaching in the military college last time, from the discussion of the authors in the world and Vietnam on teaching techniques, the postgraduate selected the issue "Improving teaching techniques for the military college lecturers" as research subject. The structure of the thesis includes introduction, overview of research issues, four chapters (9 periods), conclusions, petitions, list of references and appendices. The thesis has clarified the theory of the improving teaching techniques for the military colleges lecturers nowsaday, has built the concepts of the improving teaching techniques for leaturer, has determined the basic factors that affecting the process of the improving teaching techniques for the military colleges lecturers, as well as building contents and technical the methods for evaluating the qualification of using teaching techniques of the military colleges lecturers.

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INTRODUCTION 1. General overview of the thesis Deriving from the teaching practical experience of myself, from the real situation of teaching in the military college last time, from the discussion of the authors in the world and Vietnam on teaching techniques, the postgraduate selected the issue "Improving teaching techniques for the military college lecturers" as research subject. The structure of the thesis includes introduction, overview of research issues, four chapters (9 periods), conclusions, petitions, list of references and appendices. The thesis has clarified the theory of the improving teaching techniques for the military colleges lecturers nowsaday, has built the concepts of the improving teaching techniques for leaturer, has determined the basic factors that affecting the process of the improving teaching techniques for the military colleges lecturers, as well as building contents and technical the methods for evaluating the qualification of using teaching techniques of the military colleges lecturers. On the theoretical basis and the survey of the reality of teaching techniques of military colleges lecturers, the author proposes five measures to improve teaching techniques for military college lecturers. The measures are a unified whole and aims at improve teaching techniques for lectures which contributes to improving the quality of education - training in the military school in general, in the military college in particular. 2. Reasons for choosing thesis topic Facing the request and the task of building and defending the country in the new situation, the need of improving the political, worldview, scientific methodology, practical operational capacity for learners, the improve the quality of teaching in the military college to become an urgent requirement. More than ever, the lectures must constantly self-improve, train their virtuous character and pedagogical competence, including teaching techniques. Therefore, the strengthening and developing the teaching staff ensures the quantity and structure, in which focuses "heightening the level of education, competence and pedagogical skills" is one of the major tasks of the military colleges in the spirit of the Resolution on education - training in the new situation of the Central Military Party Committee and Resolutions of the 11th Party national Congress "Building up the teacher force in sufficient quantity to meet quality requirements." Lectures are the main force of the colleges and are the decisive factor the quality of education - training. Therefore, building up the lecturer staff who have good qualifications and capability to meet the requirements of education - training in the new situation is a fundamental, frequent task and is a central political task of the military colleges nowadays. The lecturers in the military colleges must do many responsipilities and tasks in the process of implementing their functions to perform: teaching, educating learners, do scientific research and implement other tasks in accordance with the rules of the Ministry of Defense. In which, teaching is considered central political task of the lecturers in the military colleges. With the leading role in organizing and controling the teaching process, the lectures plays a decisive role to the quality of teaching in the military colleges. Teaching is a regular activity of teachers in general, of the lectures in the military colleges in particular. The results of teaching activities is one of the criteria for evaluating the training-education quality of the colleges, qualifications and capability assessment of lecturers. Like any human activities, if the teaching activities is effective, the lecturers must have teaching techniques. Teaching techniques reflect expertise of pedagogical techniques of lecturers. The more perfect teaching techniques are, the higher quality of the teaching process is. In recent years, the military schools, especially the military colleges has actively innovated, improved programs, contents, teaching methods to meet the educational- training task in the new situation. These results have been confirmed by the training products of the military schools: "Students graduated from the militaries schools have relatively comprehensive quality both on the political qualification and revolutionary moral, the knowledge and skills that meet the tasks under the initial positions and has the ability to develop." The results that have contributed enormous role of the teaching staff and has proven qualities, qualifications and pedagogical competence of lecturers in military schools. However, in the process of teaching, some lecturers have not created excitement for learners. The lectures are too much abstract theories and one-way teaching of knowledge that lead to the low teaching quality. The phenomena are still taking place such as some lecturers has not mastered the teaching activities and has been confused by pedagogical situations, has not been skillful when conducting teaching activities. One of the reasons is the lecturers are lack of the teaching techniques, or they have not mastered. Understanding the role of teaching techniques to improve quality of teaching process in particular, the quality of education - training in general, many authors in the world and in Vietnam have done many researches on teaching techniques with the different approaches. However, these works mainly refers to the technique of teaching in general, no work researches deeply on the basical teaching technic and points out the specific teaching techniques implementation procedures. In particular, the improvement of teaching techniques of lecturers in general, of the lecturers in the military colleges in particular has not been studied systematically and specifically as an independent research. Deriving from these objective and urgent requirements above, we choose issues "Improving teaching techniques for the military college lecturers" as research subject, to contribute to improving teaching quality, the quality of education - training in military colleges. 3. Research purpose and tasks * Research purpose: improving quality and efficiency of On the basis of studies of the theory and reality of the teaching techniques the author proposes perfect solutions of the teaching techniques for the lecturers in the military colleges today to enhance teaching effectiveness, thus contributing to implement the officer training objective in the military colleges. * The tasks of the thesis: - Clarify the theorical basis of improving teaching techniques for the military college lecturers. - Survey, assess the situation of the teaching techniques of the lecturers in the military colleges and the organization of improving the teaching techniques for the lecturers in the military colleges during this time. - Propose basic solutions and the teaching techniques implementation procedures for the lecturers in the military colleges today. - Conducting pedagogical experiments for some measures to prove their viability in practice teaching in the military colleges. 4. Objects, subjects, scope of research and sciencetific hyppothesis * Objects of research: The activities of the lecturers of military social sciences and humanities in the military colleges. * Subjects of research: Improvement of the teaching techniques for the lecturers in the military colleges. * Scope of research: The thesis focuses on researching the teaching techniques in the teaching activities (mainly the lectures of teachers) and proposes the solutions to improving the teaching techniques for the lecturers in the military colleges. - The thesis only focuses on researching the teaching techniques of the leacturers of military social sciences and humanities in the military colleges. - The survey data and statistics, is the author used in the thesis limit of 5 years, since 2010 to 2014 * Sciencetific hyppothesis of reasearch Teaching techniques of the military colleges lecturers are formed during the training procedure at the colleges and are developed and perfected in their professional activities. If the military colleges focus on improving the knowledge of teaching techniques for lecturers and organize effectively the training and self-training activities of lecturers, the teaching techniques will be perfect and be developed to meet requirements of teaching activities. 5. Theoretical basis and research methods: * Theoretical basis of the thesis: is a viewpoint system of Marxism - Leninism and Ho Chi Minh’s ideology; guidelines and policies of the Party, State on education. Based on the principles of the methodology of education and military education, as well as on the practical viewpoint and perspective systems - structure viewpoint in researching the educational science. * Research Methodology: The thesis has used a combination of theoretical research methods and practical research methods to analyze and exploit the materials in scope of research as following: Observing the activities of lecturers, the pedagogical training activities for the lecturers in the military colleges. Holding seminars, discussions on the teaching techniques of the lecturers nowadays with education managers, lecturers and learners in the military colleges. Making survey, polled by anket votes on lecturers and learners in the military colleges. Researching, collecting, analyzing the documents related to education - training, retraining and professional knowledge and specialist skills for lecturers; the task of building up and development staff of the military lecturers ... to clarify the theoretical and practical issues related to the improvement of teaching techniques, pedagogical competence of lecturers. Researching educational products, such as the final report of the faculty, the colleges about the quality of teaching, quality of educational managers and lecturers; products and activities of the lecturers in all the forms of teaching; focused on the teaching preparation, practice, ended class sessions. Consulting pedagogy specialists, pedagogical scientists, education managers on issues related to the research mission of the thesis. Experimenting some the proposed measures, in order to verify their feasibility. Experiments were conducted at 3 colleges: Academy of Politics, the Army officer College No 1, College of Politics. The thesis uses mathematical statistical methods to process and analyze the data through which to draw conclusions in terms of qualitative and quantitative indicators of the research results. 6. New contributions of the thesis - Develop basic concepts and point out the main factors that affecting to the procedure of improving teaching techniques for the military college lecturers; initially setting up the the system and criteria for evaluating qualifications of the teaching techniques of the military college lecturers, as a basis for assessing pedagogical competence of lecturers. - Making survey, analyzing and evaluating the teaching techniques condition and perfecting teaching techniques for military college lecturers recently. From the results of situation survey, evaluating strengths, weaknesses and pointing out the causes of the improvement of teaching techniques for the military college lecturers. The thesis not only have provided factual materials for educational managers, researchers but also is the reference for teaching, researching and management of pedagogy. - Based on the study of theory, practice, the author propose measures for improvement of teaching techniques for military college lecturers. 7. Theoretical, practical significances of the thesis The thesis generalizes some basic theoretical issues on teaching techniques, clarifies the practical basis of improvement of teaching techniques for military college lecturers. The thesis proposes the solutions and the procedure of improving teaching techniques for the military college lecturers today as the basis for applying in teaching, improving pedagogical skills for lecturers in the military colleges, especially for lecturers with less seniority. Thesis contributes, developes and concretizes educational theory in solving a specific problem in the teaching practices of the military college lecturers. The results of the thesis can be used as reference and teaching materials in colleges or in military colleges. In particular, the thesis is a theoretical basis help military college lecturers perfect the teaching techniques in particular, develop pedagogical qualification in general that contributes to improving the education - training quality in military colleges in the innovation of comprehensive basic education - training today. 8. Kết cấu của luận án LuËn ¸n ®­îc kÕt cÊu gåm: phÇn më ®Çu, phần tổng quan, 4 ch­¬ng, kÕt luËn, kiÕn nghÞ, danh môc tµi liÖu tham kh¶o vµ phô lôc. 8. Structure of the thesis   Include introduction, overview of research issues, four chapters, conclusions, petitions, list of references and appendices . OVERVIEW OF RESEARCH ISSUES 1.The overseas typical scientific works researching related the topic Along with the history of pedagogy development, teaching techniques have been studied, generalized and applied in the teaching process early in order to improve the education – training quality. 1.1. The thought and researches on teaching techniques From ancient times, the educators as Socrates (469-390 BC), Confucius (551-479 BC), ... was interested in researching, generalizing and applying the teaching techniques in the teaching process. Until now, the teaching techniques issues have been researched by many scientists in the world studying under different angles, such as: Celestin Freinet, Patrice Pelpel, Luong Vi Hung Khang Hoa, Bobbi Deporter Mike Hernacki. Viewpoint of the modern teaching appreciates very the learner, but does not lower the role of teachers, more and more demanding creativity, talent of the teachers. How the teacher can arouse all the potential of learners and help learners self-learning, self-study for a lifetime? The series of books innovation of teaching methods of the authors: Robert J.Marzano, James H. Stronge, Giselle O. Martin- Kniep, Jana S. Marzano & Debra J. Pickering, Thomas Armstrong; Debra J. Pickering have pointed out the specific teaching techniques to help teachers conducting the teaching activites effectively. 1.2. The research on training and retraining of teachers Deriving from the demands of reality, many scientists in the world focused on researching the training and retraining of teachers according to modern teaching trends. Typically with the author: Michel Develay, James H.Stronge, Robert J.Marzano. 2.The typical scientific works in Vietnam researching related the topic 2.1. The research on the teaching techniques Với mục đích nâng cao chất lượng quá trình dạy học, nhiều nhà khoa học ở Việt Nam cũng đã nghiên cứu kỹ thuật dạy học dưới các góc độ khác nhau. Tiêu biểu như: Đặng Thành Hưng, Phan Trọng Ngọ, Nguyễn Hữu Châu, Trần Bá Hoành, Đặng Văn Đức và Nguyễn Thị Thu Hằng. With the aim of improving the quality of the teaching process, many scientists in Vietnam have also studied teaching techniques with different angles. Such as: Dang Thanh Hung, Phan Trong Ngo, Nguyen Huu Chau, Tran Ba Heng, Dang Van Duc and Nguyen Thi Thu Hang. 2.2. The research on the training and retraining of teachers Training and retraining of teachers is of great importance in ensuring and improving the education - training quality, so there are many works of scientists and scientists in the army are related to this problem. Typical: Nguyen Van Le, Vu Xuan Hung, The Hung Kieu Dang Duc Thang and Mai Van Hoa, 3. General evaluation of the result of published scientific works and the research issues of the thesis 3.1. General evaluation of the result of published scientific works First, the researches have different concept of teaching techniques but they clarify the teaching techniques of the lecturers. Second, the researches of history have been initially built a system of basic teaching techniques of lecturers, although it has not been systematic, but this is an important basis for improving the teaching techniques of lecturers and help lecturers refer to improve their teaching techniques. Third, the author initially gives the methods and measures for training and retraining of teachers and help lecturers apply the teaching techniques. 3.2. The problems the thesis continues solving Firstly, building concept of teaching techniques and improving teaching techniques. Second, setting up a system of teaching techniques for lecturer Third, pointing out the affecting factors to the teaching techniques and improving teaching techniques for military lecturers. Fourth, building content and process of improving the teaching techniques for military lecturers. Fifth, making the survey, assessing the reality of the teaching techniques of military college lecturer. Sixth, proposing the solutions to develop and improve effectively teaching techniques for lecturers.. Chapter 1 THE THEORY OF THE IMPROVEMENT OF THE TEACHING TECHNIQUES FOR THE MILITARY COLLEGE LECTURERS 1.1. The basic concept 1.1.1. The concept of the teaching techniques Teaching technique is a combination of specific system pedagogical actions, all of which teachers use in a certain, closel process to organize and control learning activities effectively of learners in the teaching process. There are differences between teaching techniques with teaching methods and teaching skills (Table 1.1) Table 1.1. The differences between teaching techniques with teaching methods and teaching skills Contents Teaching techniques Teaching methods Teaching skills Similarities Target Aim to implement the teaching activities effectively Subject Lecturers Object Learners and teaching contents Differences Form Actions of lecturers conduct a specific teaching activities Methods and measures to carry out teaching activities of the lecturers The methods apply the knowledge and experience of lecturers in conducting teaching activities Quality process closely, basically, by specified teaching activities flexibility, creativity depends on qualified teachers and teaching situations process, but still depends on the creation of teaching situations Scope Tools, tips expressed the teaching methods Orientation Conducting and training teaching techniques and teaching skills System of methods and tips form teaching methods. Teaching techniques which exist objectively and are defined by teaching activities, like or not teaching techniques still exists, it just becomes teaching techniques of lecturers when lecturers perceive and manipulate regularly in the teaching process. Thus, the teaching techniques of lecturers are a system of specific activities which in processes to implement teaching activities on the basis of knowledge and pedagogical experience of lecturers.. 1.1.2. The concept of improving teaching techniques Improving teaching techniques are processes of complementing and developing specific actions and operations to carry out teaching activities of the lecturers on the basis of promoting the rational elements, while eliminating the elements inconsistent with the requirements, the content of teaching that making pedagogical activity of lecturers more effectively. 1.2. The main factors affect the improvement of teaching techniques for the military colleges lecturers 1.2.1. Training objectives of the military colleges 1.2.2. The quality and capabilities of the military colleges lecturers   1.2.3. The characteristics of teaching activities in military colleges 1.2.4. Characteristics of teaching the military social sciences and humanities 1.3. Systems of the teaching techniques evaluation standards of the teaching techniques of the military colleges lecturers 1.3.1. Systems of the teaching tech
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