Luận án Improvement of theoretical thinking capacity of lecturers at cadre training institutions in vietnam today

1. Urgency of the topic Theoretical thinking capacity is the combination of intellectual qualities of the subject that meet requirements on detection, quick, sensitive and proper acquisition towards reality at theoretical level, thereby working out specific, sharp, creative and practical proposals and contributing to improving perception and practice efficiency of people. The development of theoretical thinking capacity is the overall outcome of interaction among many factors with different positions. However, these factors contribute to governing the existence and development of theoretical thinking capacity. Theoretical thinking capacity plays an important role in perception and practice, especially for lecturers; serves as a sharp weapon in lecturing and scientific research of lecturers. Such capacity is shown in the ability to grasp nature and soul of Marxism-Leninism, Ho Chi Minh Ideology, strategies of the Communist Party of Vietnam, policies and laws of the State of Vietnam in the relationship with their tasks as well as the ability to grasp reality and define optimal orientation and solutions to solve the problems arising from reality and from task implementation. In fact, theoretical thinking capacity of lecturers is a value that orientates their perception and practice. Together with grasping revolutionary theory, lecturers should know how to adopt, concretize such theoretical system into their lectures with quality.

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HO CHI MINH NATIONAL ACADEMY OF POLITICS CAO THI HA IMPROVEMENT OF THEORETICAL THINKING CAPACITY OF LECTURERS AT CADRE TRAINING INSTITUTIONS IN VIETNAM TODAY SUMMARY OF PHD THESIS FIELD OF STUDY: DIALECTICAL MATERIALISM AND HISTORICAL MATERIALISM Code: 62 22 03 02 HANOI - 2017 The thesis is completed at the Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics Supervisors: 1. PROF. DR. TRAN THANH 2. DR. MAI THI THANH Reviewer 1: Reviewer 2: Reviewer 3: The thesis will be defended in front of the Thesis Committee at Academy level, at the Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics At hour date month year 2017 The thesis can be found at the National Library and the Library of Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics 1 INTRODUCTION 1. Urgency of the topic Theoretical thinking capacity is the combination of intellectual qualities of the subject that meet requirements on detection, quick, sensitive and proper acquisition towards reality at theoretical level, thereby working out specific, sharp, creative and practical proposals and contributing to improving perception and practice efficiency of people. The development of theoretical thinking capacity is the overall outcome of interaction among many factors with different positions. However, these factors contribute to governing the existence and development of theoretical thinking capacity. Theoretical thinking capacity plays an important role in perception and practice, especially for lecturers; serves as a sharp weapon in lecturing and scientific research of lecturers. Such capacity is shown in the ability to grasp nature and soul of Marxism-Leninism, Ho Chi Minh Ideology, strategies of the Communist Party of Vietnam, policies and laws of the State of Vietnam in the relationship with their tasks as well as the ability to grasp reality and define optimal orientation and solutions to solve the problems arising from reality and from task implementation. In fact, theoretical thinking capacity of lecturers is a value that orientates their perception and practice. Together with grasping revolutionary theory, lecturers should know how to adopt, concretize such theoretical system into their lectures with quality. Over the past years, encouraging achievements have been seen in improvement of theoretical thinking capacity of lecturers at cadre training institutions; adopting the soul of Marxism-Leninism, Ho Chi Minh Ideology, strategies of the Communist Party of Vietnam, policies and laws of the State of Vietnam has been carried out regularly. However, lecturers at cadre training institutions are recruited with different majors. There remain many lecturers without political theoretical training. Therefore, in their lectures, there remain some limitations such as dogmatism and lack of practical experience. As lecturers at cadre training institutions, trainees have worked at State agencies and have many practical experiences. Hence, in order to meet lecturing quality, lecturers must possess certain levels of professional qualifications and theoretical thinking capacity. Therefore, it is quite necessary to improve theoretical thinking capacity of lecturers at cadre training institutions. The research on 2 “Improvement of theoretical thinking capacity of lecturers at cadre training institutions in Vietnam today” title is of both theoretical and practical significance today. 2. Target and mission of the thesis - Target of the thesis: Based on clarifying theoretical thinking capacity and analyzing actual improvement of theoretical thinking capacity of lecturers at cadre training institutions, the thesis proposes main solutions to improve theoretical thinking capacity of these lecturers in Vietnam today. - Mission of the thesis: + Summarizing the research on theoretical thinking capacity of lecturers at cadre training institutions in Vietnam. + Clarifying theoretical base on improvement of theoretical thinking capacity for lecturers at cadre training institutions. + Surveying and evaluating actual improvement of theoretical thinking capacity of lecturers at cadre training institutions in Vietnam today. + Proposing solutions to improving theoretical thinking capacity of lecturers at cadre training institutions in the coming time. 3. Subject and scope of the study - Subject of the study: The thesis focuses only on improvement of theoretical thinking capacity of lecturers at cadre training institutions in Vietnam today. - Scope of the study: The thesis focuses only on surveying theoretical thinking capacity of lecturers at cadre training institutions: Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics; Cadre Training Institution, Le Hong Phong Cadre Training Institution in Hanoi city from 2012 up to now. 4. Theoretical base and methodology - Theoretical base of the thesis is the system of viewpoints of Marxism-Leninism, Ho Chi Minh Ideology, strategies of the Communist Party of Vietnam, policies and laws of the State of Vietnam, of the industry and scientific documents related to the research to build up theoretical base for the thesis title. - Methodology: The thesis employs the methodology of dialectical materialism and historical materialism. Besides, the thesis also adopts practical research methods such as sociological survey, statistics, comparison, information collection and processing. 3 5. New contribution of the thesis The thesis contributes to clarifying the viewpoint of theoretical thinking capacity and improvement of theoretical thinking capacity of lecturers at cadre training institutions; characteristics, structure, content and evaluation criteria of theoretical thinking capacity of lectures at cadre training institutions; analyzing and evaluating actual theoretical thinking capacity of lecturers at cadre training institutions in the 2012-2016 period. On that basis, the thesis proposes solutions to improving theoretical thinking capacity of lecturers at cadre training institutions in Vietnam today. 6. Theoretical and practical significance of the thesis Research findings can be used as reference for making strategies and plans for training lecturers at cadre training institutions in Vietnam in the presence and in the future. 7. Structure of the thesis Besides the introduction, conclusion and reference list, the thesis contains 4 chapters and 11 sections. 4 Chapter 1 OVERVIEW OF RESEARCH 1.1. THEORETICAL THINKING CAPACITY AND ITS ROLE TOWARDS LECTURERS In Vietnam, thinking, theoretical thinking and its role in general and for lecturers in particular, have received attention from many leaders of the Communist Party and the State of Vietnam as well as army and scientists; especially from the 12th National Congress of the Communist Party of Vietnam. Many scientific works, magazines, theses, summary records and scientific seminars in this field have been published, typically “Renovation of theoretical thinking in socialism through reality in Vietnam” by Nguyen Duc Tai; “Role of Marxist-Leninist philosophy in renovation of theoretical thinking in Vietnam today” by Le Van Quang; “Renovation of theoretical thinking - a breakthrough in the renovation cause of the Communist Party of Vietnam” by Tran Sy Phan; “Renovation of theoretical thinking of the Communist Party of Vietnam from 1986 to now” by Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics; “Role of theoretical thinking towards quality improvement of young lecturers” by Vu Van Ban; “Improvement of theoretical thinking capacity of Marxist-Leninist theory lecturers at Provincial Political Schools” by Nguyen Dinh Trai. 1.2. IMPROVEMENT OF THEORETICAL THINKING CAPACITY OF LECTURERS IN VIETNAM TODAY Typical examples are researches such as “Developing theoretical thinking capacity of politicians at Regimen level in the Vietnam People’s Army today” by Nguyen Van Dung; “Improvement of theoretical thinking capacity of key leaders in the Northern Delta today” by Duong Minh Duc; “Improvement of theoretical thinking capacity of Marxist-Leninist theoretical lecturers at Provincial Political Schools” by Nguyen Dinh Trai; “Improvement of theoretical thinking capacity of key leaders at district level in Vietnam today” by Nguyen Duc Quyen; “Improvement of theoretical thinking capacity of Central Highland minority leaders and managers at district level” by Nguyen Van Ly; “Improvement of theoretical thinking capacity of key leaders at district level in Lang Son province today” by Nguyen Duc Quyen; “Improvement of scientific research and reality approach capacity of lecturers: approach and solution” by Nguyen Xuan Minh; “Improvement of political knowledge of lecturers at the Political 5 School in Nghe An province” by Tran Duy Ro Nin; “Improvement of theoretical thinking capacity of young lecturers at Academies, Officers Universities of Vietnam People’s Army” by Vu Van Ban; “Improvement of theoretical thinking capacity of political theoretical lecturers in Vietnam today - Some recommendations” by many authors; “Improvement of theoretical thinking capacity of minority cadres in Tuyen Quang province today” by Ma Phuc Du 1.3. SOLUTION TO IMPROVING THEORETICAL THINKING CAPACITY OF CADRES AND LECTURERS Typical examples are “Solution to improving dialectical thinking capacity, preventing dogmatism, experience preconception and voluntarist subjectivism” by Tran Van Phong; “Research on solutions to training lecturers at the Cadre Training Institution - Ministry of Home Affairs in accordance with new requirements and tasks” by Nguyen Tien Dao; “Developing lecturers at training institutions in accordance with new requirements and tasks for human resources in the Home affairs sector” by Vu Thanh Xuan. 1.4. OVERVIEW OF FINDINGS FROM RELATED SCIENTIFIC WORKS AND FURTHER MAIN RESEARCH ORIENTATIONS 1.4.1. Overview Initially, the author generalizes basic achievements of the above scientific works as follows: First, whether using theoretical or practical approach, the above scientific works have studied and reflected theoretical thinking and theoretical thinking capacity variedly and comprehensively; Second, they have analyzed role and principle of renovation and improvement of theoretical thinking; especially for key leaders at district level and provincial level and lecturing by political theoretical lecturers; Third, based on profound awareness of the role of theoretical thinking, some scientific works have demonstrated viewpoint, role, establishment and development of lecturers at training institutions; Fourth, most of them have studied and evaluated actual theoretical thinking capacity of key leaders at district level and provincial level; Fifth, depending on various approaches, the authors have pointed out orientation and discussed basic conditions for establishment and development of theoretical thinking capacity, viewpoint and orientation of the Communist Party of Vietnam and the State of Vietnam on renovation of theoretical thinking capacity in Vietnam in the context of international integration, pointed out opportunities and challenges in the renovation and improvement of theoretical thinking in Vietnam. 6 1.4.2. Main orientations for further research Inheriting theoretical and practical values as well as finding from researches done by other authors and scientists, the author continues deepening the following issues: First, presenting overall theoretical base on improvement of theoretical thinking capacity of lecturers at bridges; Second, surveying and evaluating actual improvement of theoretical thinking capacity of lecturers at bridges under the Ministry of Home Affairs today; Third, proposing solutions to improving theoretical thinking capacity of lecturers at bridges in the coming time. Chapter 2 IMPROVEMENT OF THEORETICAL THINKING CAPACITY OF LECTURERS AT CADRE TRAINING INSTITUTIONS IN VIETNAM TODAY - SOME BASIC THEORIES 2.1. THEORETICAL THINKING CAPACITY - CONCEPT AND BASIC CHARACTERISTICS 2.2.1. Nature of theoretical thinking, theoretical thinking capacity Theoretical thinking is the thinking at the highest level of perception of humans, which plays an important role in perception and in guiding practical activities of humans. It is based on principle of dialectical materialism methodology and logical thinking acts to grasp natural connection, find out intrinsic motion laws concealed in perception object, thereby creating thinking models in accordance with objective reality that guides reality more effectively. Theoretical thinking capacity is the combination of intellectual qualities of the subject that meets requirements on detection, quick, sensitive and proper acquisition towards reality at theoretical level, thereby working out specific, sharp, creative and practical proposals and contributing to improving perception and practice efficiency of people. 2.2.2. Factors affecting theoretical thinking capacity First, the nature of thinking subject; Second, training and self- training and self-improvement process; Third, socioeconomic, socio- political environment; Forth, practical activity; Fifth, demand and interest; Sixth, factors of social existence. 2.2. ROLE AND CONTENT OF IMPROVEMENT OF THEORETICAL THINKING CAPACITY OF LECTURERS AT CADRE TRAINING INSTITUTIONS IN VIETNAM 7 2.2.1. Characteristics of lecturers at cadre training institutions 2.2.2.1. Natural of cadre training and improvement at cadre training institutions According to the author, training can be defined in two ways: First, training not only performs tasks of national education - conducting training at intermediate, college, graduate and postgraduate levels but also updates information, equips working skills and methods to cadres; Second, training is an integral term, a regular activity of cadre managers and users in order to update knowledge, equip working skills and methods to cadres. 2.2.2.2. Structure and standard of lecturers at cadre training institutions In terms of structure of lecturers at cadre training institutions. According to the Higher Education Law, lecturers at higher education institutions must be the persons with clear personal records, good ethical quality, good health under career requirements and specified professional qualifications. Standard level of lecturers includes: bachelor’s degree upwards and certificate of pedagogic training for university and college lecturers; master’s degree upwards for lecturers involved in teaching special subjects and supervising master’s thesis. In terms of standard of lecturers at cadre training institutions, it is defined in the Joint Circular No. 06/2011/TTLT-BNV-BGDĐT dated 06/6/2011 by the Ministry of Home Affairs and the Ministry of Education and Training. 2.2.2.3. Tasks of lecturers at cadre training institutions First, teaching. Second, scientific and technological research. Third, management of training, scientific research, Party and organization works and others. Forth, learning and qualifications improvement. 2.2.2. Role of theoretical thinking capacity to activities of lecturers at cadre training institutions According to the author, Theoretical thinking capacity of lecturers at cadre training institutions is the dialectical combination of values and qualities of the subject such as intellectual nature, creativeness, scientific knowledge, practical experience and scientific thinking methodology, which provides them with perception capacity at thinking level and ability to adopt theoretical knowledge into real 8 teaching, scientific research to meet task requirements of cadre training institutions. This role includes: First: Theoretical thinking capacity helps lecturers at cadre training institutions keep improving their political theoretical level and professional level. Second: Theoretical thinking capacity helps lecturers at cadre training institutions keep training and improving training method. Third: Theoretical thinking capacity helps lecturers at cadre training institutions to perform scientific research tasks; complete quality and pedagogic personality. Forth: Theoretical thinking capacity enables lecturers at cadre training institutions to acquire and communicate training program that meets training demands of relevant persons. Fifth: Theoretical thinking capacity provides lecturers at cadre training institutions with opportunities to improve their dialectical materialism thinking methodology. 2.2.3. Content of improvement of theoretical thinking capacity of lecturers at cadre training institutions According to the author’s viewpoint: Improvement of theoretical thinking capacity of lecturers at cadre training institutions is the active impact of subjects and self-awareness and activeness of lectures, which makes components of theoretical thinking capacity of lecturers be completed; helps lectures at cadre training institutions complete their tasks. To clarify these contents, the thesis has provided advanced content and evaluation criteria for theoretical thinking capacity of lecturers at cadre training institutions as a tool for evaluating and identifying theoretical thinking capacity of such lecturers. First, improving theoretical thinking level and professional level of lecturers at cadre training institutions. This content is evaluated based on two criteria: professional level and political level. Second, improving ability to adopt dialectical method into perception and reality. This content is evaluated based on two criteria: teaching experience of lecturers and creativeness of lecturers. Third, improving awareness and attitude of career development, personal development of lecturers. This content is evaluated based on three criteria, namely, lecturer’s ability to meet high standards of teaching, formulation of objectives; close connection among programs, training special subjects and learning by cadres; lecturer’s ability to grasp, evaluate and summarize practice. 9 Chapter 3 IMPROVEMENT OF THEORETICAL THINKING CAPACITY OF LECTURERS AT CADRE TRAINING INSTITUTIONS IN VIETNAM TODAY - REALITY AND REASON 3.1. REAL IMPROVEMENT OF THEORETICAL THINKING CAPACITY OF LECTURERS AT CADRE TRAINING INSTITUTIONS 3.1.1. Improvement of theoretical thinking level and professional level of lecturers at cadre training institutions First, professional and educational level of lecturers. Second, political thinking level of lecturers. 3.1.2. Improvement of ability to adopt dialectical method fluently in perception and practice 3.1.2.1. Teaching experience of lecturers According to the survey conducted at Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics, Cadre Training Institution of the Ministry of Home Affairs, Le Hong Phong Cadre Training Institution in Hanoi city, it can be seen that the Institutions have lecturers who have taught for many years, have abundant teaching experiences, associate theory with practice, update socioeconomic information and reality of the world, the country and the locality as well as trainees; thereby making lectures lively and persuasive. Lecturers have included real information in their lectures and made trainees realize it in real life or talked with trainees, pointed out practice of the locality, the country, finally generalized and clarified theory. 3.1.2.2. Creativeness of lecturers Before admission, most of the lecturers at Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics, Cadre Training Institution of the Ministry of Home Affairs,
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