Tóm tắt Luận án Developing the teaching staff at universities of technical education in a competency-based approach

The decision no 29-NQ/TW on the fourth of November 2013 sets the specific goals for university education which is to focus on training high quality human resources and developing good characteristics and the ability to self study. The decision emphasizes the professional competence of the teaching staff; Hung Yen University of Technology and Education has the important mission in training majors at different levels, following the trend of professionaloriented higher education (POHE). Teachers are considered to play the important role in providing vocational teachers for the professional and educational system to develop the labour force serving in industrialization and modernization process.

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MINISTRY OF EDUCATION AND TRAINING THE VIETNAM INSTITUTE OF EDUCATIONAL SCIENCES NGUYEN THE DAN DEVELOPING THE TEACHING STAFF AT UNIVERSITIES OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION IN A COMPETENCY-BASED APPROACH Major: Educational Management Code: 62 14 01 14 DOCTORAL DISSERTATION IN EDUCATIONAL SCIENCE SUPERVISORS: - Assoc. Prof.Dr Nguyen Cong Giap - Prof.Dr. Nguyen Thi Hoang Yen HANOI, 2016 The work is completed at: The Vietnam Institute of Educational Sciences Supervisors: - Assoc. Prof.Dr Nguyen Cong Giap - Prof.Dr Nguyen Thi Hoang Yen The first judge: Assoc.Prof.Dr. Nguyen Xuan Thuc The second judge:Assoc.Prof.Dr. Thai Van Thanh The third judge: Prof.DSc.Nguyen Minh Duong The dissertation will be demonstrated at institute-level dissertation marking council at The Vietnam Institute of Educational Sciences at No. 101 Tran Hung Dao Street, Hanoi. At .. The dissertation available at: - National Library of Vietnam - The library of the Vietnam Institute of Educational Sciences LIST OF THE PUBLIC SCIENTIFIC WORKS 1. Tran Trung - Nguyen The Dan (2012), “Pratical competence – The top priority issue in completely innovating the educational system”, Journal of Education, Ministry of Education and Training, issue 294, page 4-5,27 2. Nguyen The Dan (2012), “The effectiveness of cooperation between universities of technical education and enterprises”, Scientific Journal Education Management, National Institute of Education Management, Ministry of Education and Training, issue 43, page 27-30. 3. Nguyen The Dan (2014), “Planning the management staff at universities of technical education at the current situation”, Scientific Journal Education Management , National Institute of Education Management, Ministry of Education and Training, issue no 58, page 27-29,64. 4. Nguyen The Dan (2015), “Making a breakthrough in recruiting lecturers at universities of technical education”, Vietnam Teachers’ magazine, issue no 96, page 56-58 5. Nguyen The Dan (2016), “Recommendations for professional competence frame for lecturers at universities of technical education”, Educational Equipment Magazine, issue no 127, page 15-18. 6. Nguyen The Dan (2016), “Theories relating professional competence for lecturers at pedagogical technical universities”, Vietnam Teachers’ Magazing, issue no 107, page 33-35 7. Ho Ngoc Vinh, Nguyen The Dan, Nguyen Thi Lieu (2016), “Developing teaching skills for students whose major is pedagogy and engineering”, Vocational Science Journals, issue no 30, page 12- 18. 8. Nguyen The Dan (2016), “Some features of the teaching staff at universities of technical education”, Journal of Educational Science, issue no 127, page 35-36. 1 INTRODUCTION 1. Rationale The decision no 29-NQ/TW on the fourth of November 2013 sets the specific goals for university education which is to focus on training high quality human resources and developing good characteristics and the ability to self study. The decision emphasizes the professional competence of the teaching staff; Hung Yen University of Technology and Education has the important mission in training majors at different levels, following the trend of professional- oriented higher education (POHE). Teachers are considered to play the important role in providing vocational teachers for the professional and educational system to develop the labour force serving in industrialization and modernization process. The teaching staff of universities of technical education has difference in quantity, quality and structure. There are a lot of factors affecting their development. With the above problems, I personally chose the theme ”Developing the teaching staff of universities of technical educationin a competency-based approach” for my doctor dissertation in educational management. 2. Purposes of the research Based on the theoretical and practical research, the dissertation recommends the solutions to develop the teaching staff of Hung Yen University in a competency-based approach in order to improve the professional competence for them, aiming at “standardizing and modernizing” the teaching staff at universities of technical education to meet the requirement of basic and comprehensive renovation of those universities. 3. Objects and subjects of the research 3.1. Objects of the research Developing the teaching staff at universities of technical education 3.2. Subjects of the research Developing the teaching staff at universities of technical educationin a competency-based approach 4. Scientific theory Developing the teaching staff at universities of technical education has achieved certain results; however, there have been many problems in planning, recruiting, using, training, giving further training, evaluating and implementing the incentive policies for teachers. If the recommendations for applying the solutions to develop the teaching staff in a competency-based approach in simultaneously and systematically, from building the competence framework for teachers at universities of technical education, recruiting and using human resources effectively, etc., the problems are solved and the quality of teachers is improved. 2 5. The duties of the research 5.1. Doing the research on theoretical reasoning at developing the teaching staff at universities in approaching competence. 5.2. Observing and evaluating the current situation of the teaching staff and the development of the teaching staff at universities of technical education. 5.3.Suggesting recommendations to develop the teaching staff at universities of technical education inthe competency based approach. At the same time the experiments are done to confirm the necessity and feasibility of the recommended solutions. 6. Methods of the research The author used the following research methods: reasoning, specific research, and supplementary methods. 7.Scope of the research 7.1. Limit of the research The managers, teachers and students at universities of technical education; 7.2. Limit of the research area Vietnam has 5 universities of technical education and all the five universities are investigated. 8. Persuasive arguments 8.1. The teaching staff at universities of technical education plays the key role in ensuring the quality of training human resources in technology field to meet the requirement of professional education currently. 8.2. The teaching staff at universities of technical education has the limitations in professional competence; therefore, they do not meet the requirements of the renovation in the current situation. 8.3. Approaching competence is the mixture and inheritance of the scientific achievements in human resource management. Developing the teaching staff at universities of technical educationin a competency-based approach will help improve the quality of the teaching staff, making them complete their duties. 8.4. Developing the teaching staff at universities of technical education will be effective when the managers balance the relationship between functions and constitutes of the development. In order to balance the relationship, the top priority is to have “a standardized professional competence” for teachers at universities of technical education and this should be transferred into the contents in developing the teaching staff and should be the basic to suggest the requirement and standards in all activities, from planning, recruiting, using, evaluating, training, giving further training to building an environment for the teaching staff. 9. New contributions of the dissertation 9.1. Building the theoretical framework of developing the teaching staff at universities of technical education, aiming at “standardizing” to meet the requirement of the education renovation. 3 9.2. Evaluating the current situation of the teachers and the development of teachers at universities of technical education, pointing out the limitations of the teaching staff in the current situation. The dissertation points out the factors affecting the development of the teaching staff such as the awareness of institutional leaders about developing the teaching staff or the financial condition and limited infrastructure, the difference in development among teachers, policies for teachers, the advancement of technology and environment, and so on. 9.3. Giving out the solutions to develop the teaching staff at universities of technical educationin a competency-based approach in order to meet the requirement of training high quality human resource at universities of technical education in which the solution of “building competence framework for the teaching staff at universities of technical education” has special meaning. Based on this framework, solutions for planning, recruiting, using, evaluating, training and giving further training for teachers in order to make them better are recommended. 10. Parts of the dissertation Apart from the opening, conclusion and recommendation, the dissertation has 3 chapters: Chapter 1: Theoretical reasoning of developing the teaching staff at universities in a competency-based approach Chapter 2: The current situation of teachers at universities of technical education Chapter 3: Solutions for developing the teaching staff at universities of technical educationin a competency-based approach. CHAPTER 1 THEORETICAL FOUNDATION OF DEVELOPING THE TEACHING STAFF IN A COMPETENCY- BASED APPROACH 1.1. Overview 1.1.1. Research relating to the teaching staff and developing the teaching staff -International research: Since the end of 21 st century, research relating to developing the teaching staff in approaching the professional standard has been carried out in many countries in the world. Many of them have built the standards for their educational system. - Domestic research: The above research has emphasized the key role of the teaching staff in training. The research of international and domestic authors has pointed out the approach in managing, developing the teaching staff, and recommending the solutions for the teaching staff to improve the quality of teaching at universities. 1.1.2. Developing the teaching staff in a competency-based approach The international and domestic research on the teaching staff has emphasized the key role of the teaching staff in training and given 4 recommendations for solutions to enhancing the pedagogical and technological skills for the teaching staff. 1.2. Some basic concepts 1.2.1. Lecturers In term 70, Educational Law 2005 stated that “Teachers who teach at universities or vocational colleges are called lecturers”. Lecturers at universities of technical education are those teaching at faculties, departments and centers of universities of technical education, being able to teach, educate, do research and popularize science, organize pedagogical activities and self-study to train pedagogical students at all majors. 1.2.2. The teaching staff According to Virgil K.Rowland, the teaching staff is the experts in educational field. They master the knowledge and know how to teach and educate. At the same time, they are willing to devote all their talents and effort for education. The teaching staff at universities of technical education is the teachers, managers and scientists who take part in teaching, doing research and transferring the technology for faculties at universities of technical education. 1.2.3. Developing the teaching staff According the Vietnamese dictionary, “Development is the change a little or a lot, narrowly or broadly, from low level to high level, from simple level to complicated level”. Developing the teaching staff at universities of technical education is the process of building, completing or changing the current situation of the teaching staff at universities of technical education, helping them becomes better, more efficient and professional to meet the requirements of teaching and doing research. 1.2.4. Competence There are a lot of concepts and definitions of competence, such as the fact that competence is the ability to apply the knowledge, experience, skills, attitude and interest to act appropriately and effectively in lively examples in real life Competence is a mixture of knowledge, skills and attitude that allows an activity or a group of activities to be done as a task. 1.3. The teaching staff at universities of technical education 1.3.1. Features of the teaching staff at universities of technical education The system of universities of technical education began as vocational schools which then developed and became pedagogical and technological colleges and universities, being in charge of training vocational teachers at different levels. Teachers at universities of technical education are recruited from different sources. The teachers graduating from pedagogical colleges are in charge of teaching general subjects. The ones graduating from technological universities are responsible for teaching major subjects. The ones who teach practising skills are excellent students graduating from universities of technical education. 5 Universities of technical education developing in approaching applied career are assigned to train technical teachers at university level by the government; therefore, the training products of universities of technical education are graduate students who have good knowledge and pedagogical skills and standardizedgraduate requirements. Carrying out the teaching duty in pedagogical and technological field is taken place in lecture halls, school workshop, and production sites. The teachers have to master the major knowledge, skills and critical scientific thinking. The teaching staff at universities of technical education is teachers, educators who have the ability to organize and manage the teaching or educating activities. The distinguishing feature of teachers at universities of technical education are the fact that they have to work mentally and physically. The teachers at universities of technical education have the duty to train students to have pedagogical competence, as long as knowledge, and professional skills at a certain level to adapt to work after graduating. 1.3.2. Duties of teachers at universities of technical education Teaching, doing research, studying, self improving and carrying out the social duties. 1.3.3.Professional framework of teachers at universities of technical education 6 Chart 1.1. Theoretical framework of professional competence of teachers at universities of technical education 1.4. Some theories relating to developing human resources to apply in developing the teaching staff at universities of technical educationin a competency-based approach 1.4.1. Leonard Nadler’s model Professional framework of teachers at universities of technical education Profession al developm ent - Self evaluating and planning the professiona l developme nt - Self training -Using foreign languages and information technology proficiently -Giving advice for colleagues to make progress together Profession al competen ce - Professiona l knowledge - Practice skills -Managing and organizing skills Teaching competen ce - Preparing competence - Implementi ng competence + Mastering the teaching methods + Know how to use teaching aids and materials -Verbal communica tion -Evaluating competence Research competen ce -Finding out the problems -Building research proposals - Implementi ng the research -Processing data - Publicizing and applying -Guiding students to do research -Evaluating the results of students’ research Developin g the training curriculu m - Mastering the process and methods of developing training curriculum - Identifying the training requirement s - Building and adjusting the training curriculum - Evaluating the training curriculum - Implementi ng the training curriculum Building good relationsh ips with enterprise s - Having good knowledge of enterprises - Finding and building good relationship s with enterprises - Remaining the cooperative relationship s - Organizing or taking part in cooperative activities between universities and enterprises 7 The theory of developing human resources was developed by the American author named Leonard Nadler. Applying chart 1.2: Managing human resources based on competence by Leonard Nadler to develop the teaching staff at universities of technical educationin a competency-based approach. 1.4.2. R.WayneMondy and RoberM.Noe’s model Chart 1.3.Description of analyzing work. According to this chart, whether the developing the teaching staff is successful or not is dependent on two factors: (- ) analyzing work; (-) standardizing competence. Applying this model in developing the teaching staff at universities of technical education has to be carried out simultaneously chronologically at all levels. 1.4.3. Society for Human Resource Management (SHRM)’s model Chart 1.4. The process of managing human resources based on competence. The general view of the authors is to bring competence system to human resource management. 1.5. Developing the teaching staff at universities of technical educationin a competency-based approach Chart 1.5. Developing the teaching staff in a competency-based approach PLANNING THE DEVELOP MENT OF THE TEACHING STAFF IN APPROAC HING COMPETE NCE (Clarifying the standard of professional competence to the teaching staff) RECRUITI NG THE TEACHING STAFF BASED ON COMPETE NCE (Based on the description of the professional framework) EVALUATI NG BASED ON COMPETE NCE (- Based on the professional framework - Evaluating based on proof) TRAINING THE TEACHING STAFF BASED ON COMPETE NCE (Fulfilling the missing competence and focus on the duties now and in the future) BUILDING THE ENVIRON MENT FOR DEVELOPI NG THE TEACHING STAFF (Based on three factors: expectation, benefit and value; motivation change, organism of cooperating and classifying managers) Developing the teaching staff at universities of technical educationin a competency-based approach 8 1.6. Factors affecting the development of the teaching staff at universities of technical educationin a competency-based approach. 1.6.1. Factors relating to the teaching staff 1.6.2. Factors relating to leaders 1.6.3. Factors relating to culture, science and technology 1.6.4. Factors relating to environment, organizing and managing organism of universities of technical education Summary of chapter 1 Lecturers at universities of technical education are those teaching at faculties, departments and centers of universities of technical education, being able to teach, educate, do research and popularize science, organize pedagogical activities and self-study to train pedagogical students at all majors. The competence of the teaching staff at universities of technical education is the combination of having good major knowledge, teaching skills, research competence, developing and implementing the training curriculum, and building the relationships with enterprises. Developing the teaching staff at universities of technical educationin a competency-based approa
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