Tóm tắt Luận án Improving the quality of political education (PE) for non-Commission officers and soldiers (NCO, S) in the infantry regiment of Laos People's Army (PA) now

Thesis topic: "Improving the quality of political education (PE) for non-commission officers and soldiers (NCO, S) in the infantry regiment of Laos People's Army (PA) now" is a matter that has been cherished, interested by fellow (FL) for long time. Especially, with over 20 years of experience in learning, training, work and practices of leadership and command unit, FL should have a basic understanding of political education for NCO, S in basis unit.

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INTRODUCTION 1. Overview of the thesis Thesis topic: "Improving the quality of political education (PE) for non-commission officers and soldiers (NCO, S) in the infantry regiment of Laos People's Army (PA) now" is a matter that has been cherished, interested by fellow (FL) for long time. Especially, with over 20 years of experience in learning, training, work and practices of leadership and command unit, FL should have a basic understanding of political education for NCO, S in basis unit. Stemming from the practical, FL think that raising the quality of political education for NCO, S in the Lao People's Army infantry regiment is now significant problem practical, insightful both theoretical and practical knowledge. However, this is a new and difficult topic for FL; but, on the basis of collection documentation system, abundant survey data and incorporate the enthusiastic help of the experts, the scientists, FL can deploy researching this topic. During the process of performing the tasks of research, FL acquires and selectively inherits the research results of related scientific work; but, this is an independent research work, not overlapping with the accepted and announced scientific works. 2. Reason for selecting the thesis topic Laos People's Army is the army of the people, originating from the people, serving for the people; nature working class (WC) and profound People; fighting sacrifing for the goal, the ideal of the party, because independence and freedom of our country, for socialism (SO). The process of building, fighting and mature, the Lao People's Army has always been cared about education comprehensive training by the Party and President Cay XoN Phôm Vi Han, in which political education for staff, soldier is spent much time. Regarded PE is an important means of leading a key role in all aspects of military operations, directly contribute to forming political quality, ethics, lifestyle and practical operational capacity of NOC, S. Over the years, the infantry regiment always been interested in building and strengthening comprehensive by the Party, State, Defense Ministry. Party committees, commander of the infantry regiment often interested leadership, directed to implement PE for NCO, S in oder. The results of PE contribute to creat general quality and combat strength of the units, ensuring the ability to successfully complete the assigned tasks. However, compared with the objectives, requirements and tasks of military construction; building comprehensive strong infantry regiment, firstly strong politics, ideology and organization, the quality PE for NCO, S is limited and inadequate, especially the renewal program, content, form of PE has been slow, the method of PE has not really flexible, creative; one part of NOC, S awareness against the Party line and policy, state law, the task of the revolution; plots and tricks of the enemy is not fully true and profound. The determination to strive for learning, cultivate discipline, work is not high; previous difficult situation complicated, some NOC, S clearly showed the lack of consistent political stability, accountability, motivation and quality of implementation of tasks assigned is low, some units also incident discipline violations must be handled. Currently, the entire Party, people and armed forces are implementing slotted Resolution Ninth Congress of the Party into life in the context of the world, the region and the country are more complicated. The hostile forces continue to promote the strategy of "peaceful evolution", promoting "free movement", "self-transformation" combined with turmoils with increasingly sophisticated tricks, cunning order Laos against the revolution, in which the field of politics, ideology, culture, ethics, lifestyle is the key goal. Lao People's Army is the focus of enemy sabotage by conspiracy, tricks, "depoliticizing" the army, the military attempt to make the step away from the leadership of the Party, the far left political orientation and position battlefront, troops do not be trusted mainstay of the Party, State and people. These social ills and the downside of the market mechanism has been applied daily, hourly in thoughts, feelings officers and soldiers. The lives of the majority of officers and soldiers in the infantry regiment has improved, but still many difficulties, especially in the rear guard family, affects thought, emotion and performance tasks at the unit. On the other hand, before the new requirements of national defense tasks, requirements of building the revolutionary army regular, advanced and exemplary, take constructive political basis poses high demands for raise the level of enlightenment, political bravery for officers and soldiers in the army. More than ever, the Lao People's Army general, the infantry regiment in particular need to strengthen the PE for NOC, S. Therefore, the authors selected: "Improving the quality of political education for officers and soldiers in the infantry regiment Lao People's Army now" as the thesis topic with deep meaning both in theory and practice. 3. Research purpose and task * Research purpose: Based clarify fundamental issues of theory and practice, and propose solutions primarily for PE quality improvement NOC, S in the Lao People's Army infantry regiment now. * Research task: - Interpretation clarifies NCO, S in the infantry regiment and the basic problems of PE and improving the quality of PE for NCO, S in the Lao People's Army infantry regiments. - Proper assessment of actual status, indication of cause and drawng some experience to improve PE for NCO, S in the Lao People's Army infantry regiments at present. - Analysis and clarification of the impact factor, determination of requirements and proposal of solutions to improve quality PE for NCO, S in the Lao People's Army infantry regiment now. 4. Object and scope of research * Research object: Improving PE for NCO, S in the Lao People's Army infantry regiment is the research object of the thesis. * Scope of research: The study and survey of PE activities for NCO, S in the Lao People's Army infantry regiments; the material, data limited from 2008 to 2015 and orientations and tasks from 2015 to 2020. 5. Theoretical, practical basis and research method * Theoretical basis: The topic is studied based on theoretical basis of Marxism - Leninism and Ho Chi Minh, Cay Xon Phôn Vi Han’s opinion, the guideline and the views of the Laos People's Revolutionary Party (PRP), Resolution of the Party Committee of the Ministry of Defence on PE organization, military for officers and soldiers in the unit. * Practical basis: Reality of PE activities for NCO, S in the Lao People's Army infantry regiment from 2008 to 2015; the summary report on PE work of infantry regiment, the General Political Department (GPD), General Department of Consultant (GDC). The investigation and survey data of authors during the research practice. * Research method: Based on the methodology of Marxism - Leninism, the thesis uses synthetic methods of scientific research and interdisciplinary majors, in which combination of methods analysis, synthesis, logic-historical, comparative, survey, surveys, practical summaries and expert methods are particularly focused. 6. New contribution of the thesis - The opinion in improving the quality of PE for NCO, S in the Lao People's Army infantry regiments. - Learning from the experience in improving PE quality for NCO, S in the Lao People's Army infantry regiments. - Analysis of the impact factor, defining requirements and proposing some solutions to improve PE quality for NCO, S in the Lao People's Army infantry regiment now. 7. Theoretical and practical meaning With research results achieved, the thesis will contribute to provide more scientific basis for defining guidelines and measures in leading, directing PE in the infantry regiment and be references in research, teaching, study of Party work, politicl work subjects in the Lao People's Army schools. 8. Structure of the thesis includes: The introduction, 3 chapters (6 periods), conclusion, related announced works, reference document list and appendices. OVERVIEW OF THE STUDY ISSUES RELATED TO POLITICAL EDUCATION QUALITY AND IMPROVING POLITICAL EDUCATION FOR NON-COMMISSION OFFICERS AND SOLDIERS IN INANTRY REGIMENT UNDER LAOS PEOPLE’S ARMED FORCES 1. Research works in Viet Nam relating to the thesis topic 1.1. Group of research on ideological work Improving the efficiency of ideological work in grassroots units in charge of combat training of main force army corps of the Vietnamese People's Army now "by Nguyen Van Duong [6]; "Improving the persuasiveness of ideological work in the Military Technical Institute today" by Nguyen Binh Thoan [65]. 1.2. Group of research on political education and improving political education quality Improving political education quality in military training, professional and technical " by Do Trung Duong author [5]; "Improving the quality of legal education for non-commission officers and soldiers in infantry regiments now" by Nguyen Trong Linh [24]; "Improving political education quality for non-commission officers and soldiers in combat base unit in the current period" by Le Duy Chuong [4]; "Improving political education ability of political cadres in army units under main force army corps of the Vietnam People's Army now" by Nguyen Van Huu [13]; "Improving political theory ability of political staff at the detachment level at Radar regiment in Vietnam People's Army now" by Do Ngoc Tuyen [60]; "Improving the quality of political training for NOC, S in the base units of Vietnam People's Army now" by Tran Ngoc Hoi [12]; "Revolution ideal education for students at People's Police Academy at present stage" by Duong Thi Thanh [55]; "Political education quality of Lang Son police party committee at present stage" by Duong Quoc Thanh [56]; "Improving political theory ability of key staff in the political system of districts in Ho Chi Minh City at the current period" of Nguyen Thi Thuy Trang authors [58]; "Solutions to improve the political education quality for non-commission officers and soldiers at current base unit" by Nguyen Van Su - Nguyen Van Quang [53]; "Moral education for the youth revolution during the world economic integration" by Dong Xuan Truong [66]; "Improving education quality, political qualifications for students in Political officers colleage at present" by Nguyen Thai Bao [3]; "The results and some problems to be performed in political education in military units at present" by Nguyen Van Tuan [59]; "The education of political theory for the army forces (AF) of Military Commands Committee of Hai Duong City" by Duong Dinh Vinh [67] and "Education, training political fields for youths in the current military" by Tran Anh Kien [14]. 2. Research works in Lao relating to the thesis topic 2.1. Group of research works on ideological work Objectivity and science of ideological work of DNDCM L in the new period "of author K.Ola.bun [68]; "The ideological work of DNDCM L" by Sac Sa Vat Xuan Thep Phim Ma Son [106]; "Innovation in politics, ideology of DNDCM L in the current period" by Chan Tha Vong Phun Thi Bua Thoong [101]; "Improving ideological work quality of the district Party committee, Bo Keo province, Lao People's Democratic Republic in the current period" by Tha Nong Sac Khun Kham [113]. 2.2. Group of resreach works on political education and improving political education quality relating to the thesis topic Political ideological education for non-commission officers and soldiers in Lao People's Army at present"of Son Xay Chan Nha Lat [109]; "Improving political education for non-commission offices and soldiers at Air Defence regiments of Lao People's Army at present" by Bun Pheng Sit Thi Sac [115]; "Theory work of DNDCM L in innovation period" by Phan Duong Chit Vong Xa [124]; "Improving political enlightenment to political staff of the Lao People's Army in the current situation" by Vi Say Chan Tha Mat [128]; "Promoting ideological, political education in suitable with every object by author Sa Man Vi Nha Ket [104]; "Ideoliogical, political education strategy 2010-2015" by Phan Duong Chit Vong Xa [125]; "Improving the quality of education and training is a determining factor of poverty in the country" by Som Phon Chan Tha Vi Lay [111]; "Strengthening ideological, political education in the current security force" by Bun Tha Vi [116]; "The ideological, political education for staff, party member is regular and important work" by Lot Cha Na Si Vi Lay author [127]; Establishing Lao People's Army to be strong in politics, ideology at the current period is an objective necessity" by Chan Sa Mon Chan Nha Lat [102]; "Strengthening ideological, political education for staff, party member in Kham Muon province" by Seng Su Li Nha [107]; "Strengthening the quality of politics, ideology in people's security forces" by Som Keo Si La Vong [110]; "The political and ideological root, tied in all areas," Son La Vong Thong Phôm [108]; "Consolidation of ideology and theory of Party inPeople's Security Forces" by Phu Thong XA Na[126] and "Strengthening the political and ideological work for staff and soldiers in army is an objective necessity "by Thoong Si Phim Ma Vong Xa [114]. 3. General research result of announced scientific work and the issues that the thesis focus to solve 3.1. General research result of announced scientific works Firstly, works of authors studied in Vietnam and Laos were quite insightful analysis, comprehensive views of the Party of the position, role, functions, tasks, content, form, method of the issues relating to the thesis. Secondly, the authors assert, Political Education is an important part of the Party's ideological work in the army, in charge of spreading the theory of Marxism - Leninism and Ho Chi Minh, opinion of Cay xỏn Phôm VI Han, guidelines, the Party's view, policies and laws of the State, the task of the revolution, raising the level of awareness, formation and development of the scientific worldview, establishing inclination of mind, a sense of responsibility, trust and encouragement, cheering NOC, S to well perform all tasks. Thirdly, the subjects, the articles of the authors mentioned above have access research in many ways, many different range revolves around political Education issue, political training, spirit of the Laos People's Army but there has not yet any research works in-depth, systematic about quality improvement for non-commision officers and soldiers in the Lao People's Army infantry regiments now. Therefore, postgraduate selecting issue "Improving the quality of political education for non-commission officers and soldiers in the Lao People's Army infantry regiments now" is an issue of independence, unduplication. 3.2. Issues the thesis to focus on solvement Firstly, studying and clarifying basic issues for improvement of political education for non-commission officers and soldiers in the Lao People's Army infantry regiments now. Full recognizing movement, its development; and based on this to analysis basically, the system of theoretical issues of political quality improvement for non-commssion officers, soldiers in the Lao People's Army infantry regiments. Secondly, practical investigation, detailed full comprehensive evaluation of reality and withdrawal of experience for improving political education quality for NOC, S in the Lao People's Army infantry regiments now. Thirdly, analyzing the development of the situation tasks, defining requirements and proposing major solution system, synchronous, feasible improving quality for NOC, S in the infantry regiment Laos People’s Army now. Chapter 1 BASIC ISSUES OF IMPROVING POLITICAL EDUCATION QUALITY FOR NOC, S AT INFANTRY REGIMENT OF LAOS PEOPLE’S ARMY 1.1. Political education for NOC, S in the infantry regiments under Lao People’s Army 1.1.1. The infantry regiments and non-commission officers, soldiers at infantry regiments under Lao People’s Army * Overview of general situation of infantry regiments The Lao People's Army infantry regiment was in the regular army, a very important part of the People's Armed Forces, tools sharp violence, political forces trust, really loyal Party, the Democratic Republic Lao citizens, willing to force, combat maneuvers tied each meter of land, each citizen, solving tasks on regional operational units in charge, arranged stationed in strategic areas of the country - security of the country. Regarding staffing organizations include: The regimental commander with the heads of the political, military heads and deputy heads of the political, military and logistics deal - technical. The staff consists of: Political Committee, the Board of Logistics - Technical, Office and the infantry battalion, attached great team. Regarding organizing Party: Party of the infantry regiments is an important component in the system of Party organizations in the Lao People's Army by the Ministry of Defence Party decided to establish; It operates under the direct leadership of the Party Committee of the Ministry of Defense, the direction and guidance of TCCT; is organized on the basis of the party; battalion grassroots party, the Party branch in the college team. Primary team members, have organized the party platoon, company were spending ministries have party committees battalion base, a regiment with Party. Regarding held command: Make unified under the statute in 1994, the regime of two heads, heads of military and political heads. * Key tasks of the infantry regiments under Lao People’s Army Firstly, training soldiers, building formal and improving general quality, maneuverability, power level and combat SSCD. Secondly, regular maintenance and combat status SSCD victory when ordered. Thirdly, uphold the spirit of revolutionary vigilance, stop and defeat any conspiracy, sabotage tricks of the enemy forces, firmly safeguard the independence, sovereignty, territorial integrity and protection of the Party , protect mode, protect people and revolutionary gains stationed in the province. Fourthly, increasing production of high-performance life, morale for the troops and with other units, local authorities conducted mass agitation work to consolidate the political system, disaster prevention, economic development , reducing poverty, improving the material life - the spirit of the people and contribute to political stability, social order and safety in the province stationed unit area. * Operation of the infantry regiments Firstly, the operation of the infantry regiments is rather diverse, ongoing intense, requiring officers and soldiers to have high determination will to accomplish duty. Secondly, the activities of the infantry regiment happening in many mountainous areas, midland, terrain, various weather conditions and all aspects, especially material facility privation. Thirdly, the activities of the infantry regiments will require the close cooperation with the committees, local government and the Armed Forces in the defense area of ​​the locality where the unit was stationed. Fourthly, the infantry regiments on training duty, being ready to combat often station on strategic areas of defense - security, in the remote, but should be ready to maneuver combat on every part of Nation in necessary circumstance. * Non-commission officers and soldiers in the infantry regiments Non-commission officers and soldiers in the infantry regiments are union members, youths who were carefully selected regarding their physical, political background, social relations, family; are a force occupying large proportion of the units are marshalled in the modern layout teams, platoons and squads; is the main force complete political tasks of the unit; core force in the construction industry, combat and military maturity; is also very important resources for social
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